However, if your Visual Basic application needs to wait for the shelled process to terminate, you could use the Windows API to poll the status of the application, but this is not a very efficient technique. The example in this article demonstrates a better way.
A 16-bit application would use a completely different technique to accomplish the same effect.
Creating the Shelled ProcessIn a 32-bit application, you need to create an addressable process. To do this, use the CreateProcess() function to start your shelled application. The CreateProcess() function gives your program the process handle of the shelled process through one of its passed parameters.
Waiting for the Shelled Process to TerminateHaving used CreateProcess() to get a process handle, pass that handle to the WaitForSingleObject() function. This causes your Visual Basic application to suspend execution until the shelled process terminates.
Getting the Exit Code from the Shelled ApplicationIt was common for a DOS application to return an exit code indicating the status of the completed application. While Windows provides other ways to convey the same information, some applications only provide exit codes. Passing the process handle to the GetExitCodeProcess() API allows you to retrieve this information.
Following are the steps necessary to build a Visual Basic for Windows program that uses the CreateProcess() function to execute the Windows Notepad (Notepad.exe) application. This code demonstrates how to use the Windows API CreateProcess() and WaitForSingleObject() functions to wait until a shelled process terminates before resuming execution. It also uses the GetExitCodeProcess() function to retrieve the exit code of the shelled process, if any.
- Start a new project in Visual Basic. Form1 is created by default.
- Add the following code to the General Declarations section of Form1:
Private Type STARTUPINFO
cb As Long
lpReserved As String
lpDesktop As String
lpTitle As String
dwX As Long
dwY As Long
dwXSize As Long
dwYSize As Long
dwXCountChars As Long
dwYCountChars As Long
dwFillAttribute As Long
dwFlags As Long
wShowWindow As Integer
cbReserved2 As Integer
lpReserved2 As Long
hStdInput As Long
hStdOutput As Long
hStdError As Long
Private Type PROCESS_INFORMATION
hProcess As Long
hThread As Long
dwProcessID As Long
dwThreadID As Long
Private Declare Function WaitForSingleObject Lib "kernel32" (ByVal _
hHandle As Long, ByVal dwMilliseconds As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function CreateProcessA Lib "kernel32" (ByVal _
lpApplicationName As String, ByVal lpCommandLine As String, ByVal _
lpProcessAttributes As Long, ByVal lpThreadAttributes As Long, _
ByVal bInheritHandles As Long, ByVal dwCreationFlags As Long, _
ByVal lpEnvironment As Long, ByVal lpCurrentDirectory As String, _
lpStartupInfo As STARTUPINFO, lpProcessInformation As _
PROCESS_INFORMATION) As Long
Private Declare Function CloseHandle Lib "kernel32" _
(ByVal hObject As Long) As Long
Private Declare Function GetExitCodeProcess Lib "kernel32" _
(ByVal hProcess As Long, lpExitCode As Long) As Long
Private Const NORMAL_PRIORITY_CLASS = &H20&
Private Const INFINITE = -1&
Public Function ExecCmd(cmdline$)
Dim proc As PROCESS_INFORMATION
Dim start As STARTUPINFO
' Initialize the STARTUPINFO structure:
start.cb = Len(start)
' Start the shelled application:
ret& = CreateProcessA(vbNullString, cmdline$, 0&, 0&, 1&, _
NORMAL_PRIORITY_CLASS, 0&, vbNullString, start, proc)
' Wait for the shelled application to finish:
ret& = WaitForSingleObject(proc.hProcess, INFINITE)
Call GetExitCodeProcess(proc.hProcess, ret&)
ExecCmd = ret&
Dim retval As Long
retval = ExecCmd("notepad.exe")
MsgBox "Process Finished, Exit Code " & retval
- Press the F5 key to run the application.
- Using the mouse, click the Form1 window. At this point the NotePad application is started.
- Quit NotePad. A MsgBox appears indicating termination of the NotePad application and an exit code of 0.
NOTE: The MsgBox statement following the ExecCmd() function is not executed because the WaitForSingleObject() function prevents it. The message box does not appear until Notepad is closed when the user chooses Exit from Notepad's File menu (ALT, F, X).
ID članka: 129796 – Zadnji pregled: 13. jul. 2004 – Revizija: 1