How to create a monthly calendar in Excel

Summary

This article contains a sample Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications macro (Sub procedure) that prompts you for the month and year and creates a monthly calendar using a worksheet.

Resolution

Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements.

To create the calendar, follow these steps.

Microsoft Excel 2003

  1. Create a new workbook.
  2. On the Tools menu, point to Macro, and then click Visual Basic Editor.
  3. On the Insert menu, click Module.
  4. Copy the Visual Basic for Applications code below into the module sheet.
  5. On the File menu, click "Close and Return to Microsoft Excel."
  6. Click the Sheet1 tab.
  7. On the Tools menu, point to Macro, and then click Macros.
  8. Click CalendarMaker, and then click Run to create the calendar.

Microsoft Excel 2007 or later

  1. Create a new workbook.
  2. On the Developer ribbon, Click Visual Basic. 
  3. On the Insert menu, click Module.
  4. Copy the Visual Basic for Applications code below into the module sheet.
  5. On the File menu, click "Close and Return to Microsoft Excel."
  6. Click the Sheet1 tab.
  7. On the Developer ribbon, click Macros
  8. Click CalendarMaker, and then click Run to create the calendar.

NOTE: If the Developer Ribbon is not showing go to Excel Options and enable it. In Excel 2007 you will find it in the Popular menu and in Excel 2010 you will find it in the Customize Ribbon menu. 

Sample Visual Basic Procedure

  Sub CalendarMaker()

' Unprotect sheet if had previous calendar to prevent error.
ActiveSheet.Protect DrawingObjects:=False, Contents:=False, _
Scenarios:=False
' Prevent screen flashing while drawing calendar.
Application.ScreenUpdating = False
' Set up error trapping.
On Error GoTo MyErrorTrap
' Clear area a1:g14 including any previous calendar.
Range("a1:g14").Clear
' Use InputBox to get desired month and year and set variable
' MyInput.
MyInput = InputBox("Type in Month and year for Calendar ")
' Allow user to end macro with Cancel in InputBox.
If MyInput = "" Then Exit Sub
' Get the date value of the beginning of inputted month.
StartDay = DateValue(MyInput)
' Check if valid date but not the first of the month
' -- if so, reset StartDay to first day of month.
If Day(StartDay) <> 1 Then
StartDay = DateValue(Month(StartDay) & "/1/" & _
Year(StartDay))
End If
' Prepare cell for Month and Year as fully spelled out.
Range("a1").NumberFormat = "mmmm yyyy"
' Center the Month and Year label across a1:g1 with appropriate
' size, height and bolding.
With Range("a1:g1")
.HorizontalAlignment = xlCenterAcrossSelection
.VerticalAlignment = xlCenter
.Font.Size = 18
.Font.Bold = True
.RowHeight = 35
End With
' Prepare a2:g2 for day of week labels with centering, size,
' height and bolding.
With Range("a2:g2")
.ColumnWidth = 11
.VerticalAlignment = xlCenter
.HorizontalAlignment = xlCenter
.VerticalAlignment = xlCenter
.Orientation = xlHorizontal
.Font.Size = 12
.Font.Bold = True
.RowHeight = 20
End With
' Put days of week in a2:g2.
Range("a2") = "Sunday"
Range("b2") = "Monday"
Range("c2") = "Tuesday"
Range("d2") = "Wednesday"
Range("e2") = "Thursday"
Range("f2") = "Friday"
Range("g2") = "Saturday"
' Prepare a3:g7 for dates with left/top alignment, size, height
' and bolding.
With Range("a3:g8")
.HorizontalAlignment = xlRight
.VerticalAlignment = xlTop
.Font.Size = 18
.Font.Bold = True
.RowHeight = 21
End With
' Put inputted month and year fully spelling out into "a1".
Range("a1").Value = Application.Text(MyInput, "mmmm yyyy")
' Set variable and get which day of the week the month starts.
DayofWeek = WeekDay(StartDay)
' Set variables to identify the year and month as separate
' variables.
CurYear = Year(StartDay)
CurMonth = Month(StartDay)
' Set variable and calculate the first day of the next month.
FinalDay = DateSerial(CurYear, CurMonth + 1, 1)
' Place a "1" in cell position of the first day of the chosen
' month based on DayofWeek.
Select Case DayofWeek
Case 1
Range("a3").Value = 1
Case 2
Range("b3").Value = 1
Case 3
Range("c3").Value = 1
Case 4
Range("d3").Value = 1
Case 5
Range("e3").Value = 1
Case 6
Range("f3").Value = 1
Case 7
Range("g3").Value = 1
End Select
' Loop through range a3:g8 incrementing each cell after the "1"
' cell.
For Each cell In Range("a3:g8")
RowCell = cell.Row
ColCell = cell.Column
' Do if "1" is in first column.
If cell.Column = 1 And cell.Row = 3 Then
' Do if current cell is not in 1st column.
ElseIf cell.Column <> 1 Then
If cell.Offset(0, -1).Value >= 1 Then
cell.Value = cell.Offset(0, -1).Value + 1
' Stop when the last day of the month has been
' entered.
If cell.Value > (FinalDay - StartDay) Then
cell.Value = ""
' Exit loop when calendar has correct number of
' days shown.
Exit For
End If
End If
' Do only if current cell is not in Row 3 and is in Column 1.
ElseIf cell.Row > 3 And cell.Column = 1 Then
cell.Value = cell.Offset(-1, 6).Value + 1
' Stop when the last day of the month has been entered.
If cell.Value > (FinalDay - StartDay) Then
cell.Value = ""
' Exit loop when calendar has correct number of days
' shown.
Exit For
End If
End If
Next

' Create Entry cells, format them centered, wrap text, and border
' around days.
For x = 0 To 5
Range("A4").Offset(x * 2, 0).EntireRow.Insert
With Range("A4:G4").Offset(x * 2, 0)
.RowHeight = 65
.HorizontalAlignment = xlCenter
.VerticalAlignment = xlTop
.WrapText = True
.Font.Size = 10
.Font.Bold = False
' Unlock these cells to be able to enter text later after
' sheet is protected.
.Locked = False
End With
' Put border around the block of dates.
With Range("A3").Offset(x * 2, 0).Resize(2, _
7).Borders(xlLeft)
.Weight = xlThick
.ColorIndex = xlAutomatic
End With

With Range("A3").Offset(x * 2, 0).Resize(2, _
7).Borders(xlRight)
.Weight = xlThick
.ColorIndex = xlAutomatic
End With
Range("A3").Offset(x * 2, 0).Resize(2, 7).BorderAround _
Weight:=xlThick, ColorIndex:=xlAutomatic
Next
If Range("A13").Value = "" Then Range("A13").Offset(0, 0) _
.Resize(2, 8).EntireRow.Delete
' Turn off gridlines.
ActiveWindow.DisplayGridlines = False
' Protect sheet to prevent overwriting the dates.
ActiveSheet.Protect DrawingObjects:=True, Contents:=True, _
Scenarios:=True

' Resize window to show all of calendar (may have to be adjusted
' for video configuration).
ActiveWindow.WindowState = xlMaximized
ActiveWindow.ScrollRow = 1

' Allow screen to redraw with calendar showing.
Application.ScreenUpdating = True
' Prevent going to error trap unless error found by exiting Sub
' here.
Exit Sub
' Error causes msgbox to indicate the problem, provides new input box,
' and resumes at the line that caused the error.
MyErrorTrap:
MsgBox "You may not have entered your Month and Year correctly." _
& Chr(13) & "Spell the Month correctly" _
& " (or use 3 letter abbreviation)" _
& Chr(13) & "and 4 digits for the Year"
MyInput = InputBox("Type in Month and year for Calendar")
If MyInput = "" Then Exit Sub
Resume
End Sub
You can add other code to customize the calendar to meet your needs. Insert extra rows for entry on the screen for each day or resize the screen to see all of the calendar based on screen size and resolution.
Egenskaper

Artikel-id: 150774 – senaste granskning 23 sep. 2015 – revision: 1

Microsoft Office Excel 2003, Microsoft Office Excel 2007, Microsoft Excel 2010, Excel 2016

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