Sync Center: Slow syncing of offline files on some file servers

Summary

When Microsoft Sync Center syncs offline files, the sync operation may take longer than expected. This behavior occurs when the back-end file server enumerates unsorted directory contents (a list in which the file names are not sorted alphabetically). This affects Microsoft Sync Center performance when it syncs offline files with non-Microsoft file servers.

More Information

Microsoft Sync Center compares the local system's directory list against a list of files that it receives from the remote file server. Sync Center does this by making query directory calls against the remote file server through the Server Message Block protocol (CIFS, SMB, SMB2, and SMB3). Microsoft file servers always return query directory results in alphabetical order, sorted by file name. (The underlying NTFS file system maintains sorted lists.)

Many underlying file systems do not maintain sorted lists. This includes the file systems that are used by most third-party SMB protocol implementers and Microsoft file systems such as FAT32. Therefore, most third-party file servers exhibit performance delays when they sync offline files by using Sync Center.

Note The SMB protocol does not require query directory results to be sorted.

Just how significantly performance is affected depends on several factors, including the number of files, the length of the file names (both properties affect the total size of the file metadata), and how unsorted the results are. When there are lots of files (hundreds or thousands) with large file names that are profoundly out of order, more directory queries of the local file system and more remote directory queries on the remote file server are required.

You can ease this problem by using smaller folders (either in terms of file count or file name size). It also helps if you can increase the extent to which files are recorded in sorted order on the underlying file system.

The scenario that's described in the "Symptoms" section affects performance only. Offline file syncing otherwise occurs successfully and correctly.
Egenskaper

Artikel-id: 3046857 – senaste granskning 25 mars 2015 – revision: 1

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