Only One Default Gateway Allowed on Proxy Server

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Symptoms

When you use a Winsock proxy or web proxy client, and if the Proxy Server is configured with more than one default gateway, you may get the following error message or related error messages:

Connection timed out

Cause

The Proxy Server documentation states the following:


A Microsoft Proxy Server computer should have only one IP default
gateway. The IP address of the default gateway should be configured on
the external network adapter card only.

This requirement is a result of the basic architecture of TCP/IP. Only
one default gateway must be defined on a host that resides on 2 or more
non-connected networks.

If the Proxy server is configured with more than one network interface, it
is connected to two networks that are by design non-connected.

A default gateway is a router that is supposed to be used for all
traffic that has no specific route. If you have two default-gateways,
the proxy server TCP/IP stack will assume that they lead to the same set
of networks. This will cause the proxy server to send Internet traffic
to the internal network, or internal traffic to the Internet.

Workaround

Remove the default gateway from the advanced TCP/IP settings of the internal network interface on the Proxy Server and define static routes to the internal network segments.


Because no default gateway will be defined for the internal network, you must add static routes using the Route Add command. These routes can be made persistent by using the -p command switch.


For additional information on adding static routes to the routing table, see the following:
  • Type route /? for additional command switches.

    -or-
  • See the following Microsoft Knowledge Base article:

    140859 TCP/IP Routing Basics for Windows NT

More Information

This is not specific to Proxy Server. When the Microsoft Exchange Dynamic RAS connector contacts an ISP, you can get the above error message; however, the workaround is the same.
Özellikler

Makale No: 161380 - Son İnceleme: 19 Şub 2002 - Düzeltme: 1

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