适用于 Windows 7 SP1 和服务器 2008 R2 SP1 的 .NET 框架 4.8 的质量汇总预览 (KB4519568)

适用于:

微软 .NET 框架 4.8

Windows 7 SP1 和服务器 2008 R2 SP1 的 2019 年 10 月 15 日更新包括 .NET 4.8 中的累积可靠性改进。我们建议您应用此更新作为常规维护例程的一部分。安装此更新之前,请参阅先决条件重新启动要求部分。

重要

  • 从 2019 年 8 月开始,对 .NET Framework 4.6 及以上版本的更新(适用于 Windows 服务器 2008 SP2、Windows 服务器 2008 R2 SP1 和 Windows 7SP1)需要 SHA-2 代码签名支持。在应用此更新以避免安装问题之前,请确保拥有所有最新的 Windows 更新。有关 SHA-2 代码签名支持更新的更多详细信息,请参阅KB 4474419

质量与可靠性改进

ASP.NET

使用自定义数据注释.验证属性时,使用验证上下文.成员名称解决问题。

WPF1

解决软件渲染无法绘制位置和缩放过大的图像的问题。例如,具有 Width=10 的 Image 元素,来源于宽度为 500 的位图,并且从封闭窗口的左边缘定位 700 像素,由于缩放因子 S = 500/10 = 50 和位置 X=700 太大,因此无法显示,因为其产品 S = X = 50 = 700 = 3500 超过 2=15 = 32768。

CLR2

降低从 Type.Get 构造器()返回无序构造函数信息的风险。

在外部 Bug(如双无)阻止基础操作系统线程启动的情况下,改进了行为。运行时现在因诊断错误而失败,而不是挂起等待线程启动。这允许更好的故障恢复和更好的诊断导致故障的问题。

解决包含 SafeArray 的后期绑定 .NET COM 调用,其中 SafeArray 未完全初始化。

Winforms

通过单向上箭头键按键,解决阻止导航到下下菜单项的最后一项的问题。

当选择更改为 null(未选择任何内容)以响应值更改时,属性网格可以在其中引发 NullReferenceException 的解决和问题

1Windows 演示基础 (WCF)2 公共语言运行时 (CLR)

有关此更新的其他信息

以下文章包含有关此更新的其他信息,因为它与各个产品版本有关。

  • 4520406.NET 框架 3.5.1、4.5.2、4.6、4.6.1、4.6.2、4.7、4.7.1、4.7.2、4.8 的 Windows 7 SP1 和服务器 2008 R2 SP1 和服务器 2008 (KB4520406) 的质量汇总前简介

此更新中的已知问题

症状:

申请后,今年10月15日.NET Framework 4.8 的质量汇总预览,某些 ClickOnce 应用程序和应用程序创建具有受限权限集的默认 AppDomain 可能会观察到应用程序启动或应用程序运行时失败或意外行为。可观察到的问题是 System.AppDomainSetup.target.targetFrameworkName(https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/api/system.appdomainsetup.targetframeworkname?view=netframework-4.8) 为空,导致任何允许还原回 .NET Framework 4.0 行为的怪癖。

解决 方案:

观察到新的意外故障或功能问题的客户可以通过向应用程序配置文件添加(或合并)以下部分来实现应用程序设置:

<?xml版本="1.0" 编码="utf-8" [qM]> <配置>       <运行时 >           <应用上下文切换覆盖值="Switch.系统.反射.不强制命令构造器=true"/> </运行时 > </配置>

解决方案

要解决此问题,安装更新 .NET 框架 4.8 为 Windows 7 SP1 和服务器 2008 R2 SP1 KB4533005

如何获取并安装更新

方法 1: Windows 更新

此更新可通过 Windows 更新提供。转到"设置">更新和安全> Windows 更新,然后选择"检查更新"。有关如何获取预览更新的详细信息,请参阅Windows 更新:常见问题解答

方法 2: Microsoft 更新目录

要获取此更新的独立程序包,请转到Microsoft 更新目录

方法 3: Windows Server Update Services(WSUS)

请在 DFS 服务器上按照以下步骤操作:

  1. 选择"开始",选择"管理工具",然后选择微软 Windows 服务器更新服务 3.0

  2. 展开计算机名称,然后选择"操作"。

  3. 选择"导入更新"。

  4. WSUS 将打开一个浏览器窗口,系统可能会提示您安装 ActiveX 控件。您必须安装 ActiveX 控件才能继续。

  5. 安装 ActiveX 控件后,您将看到"微软更新目录"屏幕。 在"搜索"框中键入4520406,然后选择"搜索"。

  6. 找到与环境中的操作系统、语言和处理器匹配的 .NET 框架包。选择"添加"以将其添加到您的购物篮中。

  7. 选择所需的所有包后,选择"查看购物篮"。

  8. 要将包导入 WSUS 服务器,请选择"导入"。

  9. 导入包后,选择"关闭"以返回到 WSUS。

现在,即可通过 WSUS 安装更新了。

先决条件

要应用此更新,必须安装.NET 框架 4.8。

重启要求

如果未使用受影响的文件,则应用此更新之后无需重新启动计算机。 我们建议你退出所有基于 .NET Framework 的应用程序,然后再应用此更新。

更新替换信息

此更新替换以前发布的更新4516551

文件信息

此软件更新的英文(美国)版本安装具有下表中列出的属性的文件。

x86 NDP48

文件名

文件版本

文件大小

日期

时间

平台

Dhtmlheader.html

Not applicable

16,118

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

Header.bmp

Not applicable

7,306

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Ndp48-kb4519568.msp

Not applicable

21,843,968

13-Sep-2019

00:25

Not applicable

Parameterinfo.xml

Not applicable

61,158

13-Sep-2019

07:09

Not applicable

Setup.exe

14.8.4042.0

129,328

12-Sep-2019

21:20

x86

Setupengine.dll

14.8.4042.0

923,928

12-Sep-2019

21:20

x86

Setupui.dll

14.8.4042.0

351,000

12-Sep-2019

21:20

x86

Setupui.xsd

Not applicable

32,572

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Setuputility.exe

14.8.4042.0

311,160

12-Sep-2019

21:20

x86

Splashscreen.bmp

Not applicable

196,662

25-Jun-2019

23:21

Not applicable

Sqmapi.dll

6.2.9200.16384

226,456

25-Jun-2019

23:17

x86

Strings.xml

Not applicable

14,092

25-Jun-2019

23:21

Not applicable

Uiinfo.xml

Not applicable

36,428

25-Jun-2019

23:21

Not applicable

Watermark.bmp

Not applicable

110,348

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

124,495

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

79,996

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

31,000

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

160,295

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

68,564

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

27,928

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

132,348

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

85,628

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,024

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

131,637

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

83,202

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,024

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

111,186

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

87,944

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

33,048

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

142,041

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

90,134

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

33,560

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

128,314

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

82,766

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

31,000

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

137,247

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

83,690

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,024

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

156,440

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

87,542

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

33,048

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

146,392

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

78,194

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

30,488

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

158,420

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

86,630

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

33,048

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

147,275

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

85,478

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,536

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

155,616

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

74,568

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

28,952

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

259,432

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

72,820

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

28,440

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

137,812

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

85,028

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

33,048

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

148,376

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

84,512

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

31,512

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

151,635

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

87,426

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,536

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

137,226

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

84,286

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,024

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

188,741

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

86,088

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,536

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

149,236

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

83,212

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,024

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

140,171

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

83,166

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,024

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

146,273

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

68,502

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

27,416

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

147,662

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

85,990

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,536

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

129,883

25-Jun-2019

23:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

85,264

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,536

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Print.ico

Not applicable

126,132

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

Rotate1.ico

Not applicable

143,901

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

Rotate10.ico

Not applicable

143,932

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

Rotate2.ico

Not applicable

144,110

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

Rotate3.ico

Not applicable

144,151

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

Rotate4.ico

Not applicable

144,033

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

Rotate5.ico

Not applicable

143,871

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

Rotate6.ico

Not applicable

143,881

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

Rotate7.ico

Not applicable

144,084

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

Rotate8.ico

Not applicable

143,835

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

Rotate9.ico

Not applicable

144,064

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

Save.ico

Not applicable

126,548

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

Setup.ico

Not applicable

126,246

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

Stop.ico

Not applicable

190,199

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

Sysreqmet.ico

Not applicable

136,313

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

Sysreqnotmet.ico

Not applicable

143,990

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

Warn.ico

Not applicable

199,341

25-Jun-2019

23:20

Not applicable

x64 NDP48

文件名

文件版本

文件大小

日期

时间

平台

Dhtmlheader.html

Not applicable

16,118

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Header.bmp

Not applicable

7,306

19-Apr-2018

17:11

Not applicable

Ndp48-kb4519568.msp

Not applicable

35,299,328

13-Sep-2019

00:40

Not applicable

Parameterinfo.xml

Not applicable

61,158

13-Sep-2019

07:09

Not applicable

Setup.exe

14.8.4042.0

129,328

12-Sep-2019

21:20

x86

Setupengine.dll

14.8.4042.0

923,928

12-Sep-2019

21:20

x86

Setupui.dll

14.8.4042.0

351,000

12-Sep-2019

21:20

x86

Setupui.xsd

Not applicable

32,572

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Setuputility.exe

14.8.4042.0

311,160

12-Sep-2019

21:20

x86

Splashscreen.bmp

Not applicable

196,662

19-Apr-2018

17:17

Not applicable

Sqmapi.dll

6.2.9200.16384

226,456

15-Jul-2019

02:08

x86

Strings.xml

Not applicable

14,092

19-Apr-2018

17:17

Not applicable

Uiinfo.xml

Not applicable

36,428

19-Apr-2018

17:17

Not applicable

Watermark.bmp

Not applicable

110,348

19-Apr-2018

17:11

Not applicable

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

124,495

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

79,996

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

31,000

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

160,295

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

68,564

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

27,928

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

132,348

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

85,628

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,024

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

131,637

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

83,202

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,024

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

111,186

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

87,944

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

33,048

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

142,041

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

90,134

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

33,560

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

128,314

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

82,766

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

31,000

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

137,247

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

83,690

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,024

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

156,440

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

87,542

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

33,048

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

146,392

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

78,194

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

30,488

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

158,420

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

86,630

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

33,048

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

147,275

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

85,478

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,536

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

155,616

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

74,568

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

28,952

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

259,432

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

72,820

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

28,440

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

137,812

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

85,028

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

33,048

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

148,376

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

84,512

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

31,512

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

151,635

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

87,426

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,536

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

137,226

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

84,286

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,024

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

188,741

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

86,088

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,536

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

149,236

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

83,212

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,024

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

140,171

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

83,166

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,024

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

146,273

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

68,502

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

27,416

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

147,662

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

85,990

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,536

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Eula.rtf

Not applicable

129,883

15-Jul-2019

02:04

Not applicable

Localizeddata.xml

Not applicable

85,264

13-Sep-2019

00:08

Not applicable

Setupresources.dll

14.8.4042.0

32,536

12-Sep-2019

21:27

x86

Print.ico

Not applicable

126,132

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Rotate1.ico

Not applicable

143,901

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Rotate10.ico

Not applicable

143,932

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Rotate2.ico

Not applicable

144,110

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Rotate3.ico

Not applicable

144,151

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Rotate4.ico

Not applicable

144,033

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Rotate5.ico

Not applicable

143,871

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Rotate6.ico

Not applicable

143,881

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Rotate7.ico

Not applicable

144,084

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Rotate8.ico

Not applicable

143,835

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Rotate9.ico

Not applicable

144,064

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Save.ico

Not applicable

126,548

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Setup.ico

Not applicable

126,246

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Stop.ico

Not applicable

190,199

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Sysreqmet.ico

Not applicable

136,313

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Sysreqnotmet.ico

Not applicable

143,990

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

Warn.ico

Not applicable

199,341

15-Jul-2019

02:09

Not applicable

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