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You can add a custom column to your current query by creating a formula. Power Query validates the formula syntax in the same way as the Query Editing dialog box. For more information about the Power Query Formula Language, see Create Power Query formulas

1. To open a query, locate one previously loaded from the Power Query Editor, select a cell in the data, and then select Query > Edit. For more information see Create, edit, and load a query in Excel.

2. Select Add ColumnCustom Column. the Custom Column dialog box appears.

3. Enter a new column name.

4. Insert a column into the Custom Column Formula box by selecting a column from the Available Columns list, and then selecting Insert.

Note    You can reference multiple columns as long as you separate them with an operator. For example, to calculate a TotalSales column, you add Total and SalesTax using the formula = each [Total] + [SalesTax].

5. Select OK

6. Once you add a custom column, make sure it has an appropriate data type. If you see the Any  icon to the left of the column header, change the data type to what you want. For more information, see Add or change data types.

Tip    You can try another approach to get the results you want. Use a custom column to merge values from two or more columns into a single custom column. For more information, see Merge columns

The following table summarizes common examples of custom formulas.

Formula

Description

"abc"

Creates a column with the text abc in all rows.

1+1

Creates a column with the result of 1 + 1 (2) in all rows.

[UnitPrice] * [Quantity]

Creates a column with the result of multiplying two table columns.

[UnitPrice] * (1 – [Discount]) * [Quantity]

Calculates the total price, considering the Discount column.

"Hello" & [Name]

Combines Hello with the contents of the Name column in a new column.

Date.DayOfWeekName([DOB])

Creates a new column that displays a weekday name, such as Monday, derived from a DOB Date/Time column data type.

DateTime.Time([DOB])

Creates a new column that displays just the time derived from a DOB Date/Time column data type.

Date.Month([DOB])

Creates a new column that displays the month as a number from 1 to 12, such as 4 for April, derived from a DOB Date/Time column data type.

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