By default WinRM uses Kerberos for authentication so Windows never sends the password to the system requesting validation. To get a list of your authentication settings type the following command:
winrm get winrm/config
The purpose of configuring WinRM for HTTPS is to encrypt the data being sent across the wire.
WinRM HTTPS requires a local computer "Server Authentication" certificate with a CN matching the hostname, that is not expired, revoked, or self-signed to be installed.
To install or view certificates for the local computer:
- Click on Start and then Run (or using keyboard combination press Windows-key+R)
- Type MMC and then press Enter.
- Select File from menu options and then click on Add or Remove Snap-ins
- Select Certificates and click Add.
- Go through the wizard selecting Computer account.
Install or view the certificates under:
Certificates (Local computer)
If you do not have a Sever Authenticating certificate consult your certicate administrator. If you have a microsoft Certificate server you may be abel to request a certificate using the web certificate template from HTTPS://<MyDomainCertificateServer>/certsrv
Once the certificate is installed type the following to configure WINRM to listen on HTTPS:
winrm quickconfig -transport:https
If you do not have an appropriate certificate you can run the following with the authentication methods configured for WinRM however the data will not be encrypted.
By default WinRM HTTP uses port 80. On Windows 7 and higher the default port is 5985.
By default WinRM HTTPS uses port 443. On Windows 7 and higher the default port is 5986.
To confirm WinRM is listening on HTTPS type the following:
winrm enumerate winrm/config/listener
To confirm a computer certificate has been installed use the Certificates MMC add-in or type the following:
Winrm get http://schemas.microsoft.com/wbem/wsman/1/config
If you get the following error message:
Error number: -2144108267 0x80338115
Message = Cannot create a WinRM listener on HTTPS because this machine does not have an appropriate certificate. To be used for SSL, a certificate must have a CN matching the hostname, be appropriate for Server Authentication, and not be expired, revoked, or self-signed.
Open the certificates MMC add-in and confirm the following attributes are correct:
- The date of the computer falls between the "Valid from:" to the "To:" date on the General tab
- Host name matches the "Issued to:" on the General tab or it matches one of the "Subject Alternative Name" exactly as displayed on the Details tab.
- That the "Enhanced Key Usage" on the Details tab contains "Server authentication"
- On the Certification Path tab that the Current Status: is "This certificate is OK"
If you have more than one local computer account server certificate installed confirm the CertificateThumbprint displayed by:
Winrm enumerate winrm/config/listener
is the same Thumbprint on the Details tab of the certificate.