How to run subroutines and macros from Visual Basic in Excel 2000 or Excel 2002

Article translations Article translations
Article ID: 213837 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q213837

For a Microsoft Excel 97 and earlier version of this article, see 108519.
Expand all | Collapse all

On This Page

SUMMARY

In Microsoft Excel, you can run Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications Sub procedures and Microsoft Excel version 4.0 macros from a Visual Basic procedure by using the Application.Run and Application.ExecuteExcel4Macro methods. You can also run Visual Basic Sub procedures with the Call method or by entering the name of a procedure on a line by itself.

This article illustrates several methods that you can use to run Sub procedures and Microsoft Excel version 4.0 macros from Visual Basic in Microsoft Excel.

MORE INFORMATION

Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and/or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language being demonstrated and the tools used to create and debug procedures. Microsoft support professionals can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure, but they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific needs.
If you have limited programming experience, you may want to contact a Microsoft Certified Partner or Microsoft Advisory Services. For more information, visit these Microsoft Web sites:

Microsoft Certified Partners - https://partner.microsoft.com/global/30000104

Microsoft Advisory Services - http://support.microsoft.com/gp/advisoryservice

For more information about the support options that are available and about how to contact Microsoft, visit the following Microsoft Web site: http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=fh;EN-US;CNTACTMS

Method 1: Application.Run

You can use the Application.Run method to run Visual Basic Sub procedures or Microsoft Excel version 4.0 macros from other Visual Basic procedures. The Application.Run method requires one named argument: the name of the macro or Sub procedure to be run. (However, other optional arguments may also be included.) This name can be a text string (for example, "TestXLM") or it can be a variable that is equal to the name of the macro.

Case 1: Text String

To run a Microsoft Excel version 4.0 macro called TestXLM, you could use this text string:
Application.Run "TestXLM"
				

Case 2: Variable

If you have the variable "MacroToRun" set to "TestXLM," you could use this variable:
Application.Run MacroToRun
				

Method 2: Application.ExecuteExcel4Macro

You can also use the Application.ExecuteExcel4Macro method to run Microsoft Excel version 4.0 macros or other Visual Basic Sub procedures, but the syntax is somewhat different. To use Application.ExecuteExcel4Macro to run a macro or Sub procedure, you must also include the Microsoft Excel version 4.0 RUN() function, as in the following examples:
Application.ExecuteExcel4Macro "RUN(""TestXLM"")"
				
  -or-
				
Application.ExecuteExcel4Macro "RUN(""" & MacroToRun & """)"
				
When you use Application.ExecuteExcel4Macro, you must use quotation marks. For example, to use the RUN() function, you must enclose the name of the argument in quotation marks:
RUN("TestXLM")
				
The entire string must then be enclosed in quotation marks. When you add quotation marks to the outside of the string, you must add an additional quotation mark adjacent to each quotation mark within the string:
"RUN(""TestXLM"")"
				
The Application.ExecuteExcel4Macro command that uses a variable inside the RUN() function is more complex than the equivalent Application.Run method. For the command to be properly evaluated, the macro string must be entered as:
"RUN(""" & MacroToRun & """)"
				
This command is evaluated as
RUN("" & MacroToRun & "")
				
which is a valid Microsoft Excel version 4.0 macro command.

Method 3: The Call Method

The Call method may be used to run Visual Basic Sub procedures, but not Microsoft Excel version 4.0 macros. For example, to run the Sub procedure TestVBSub, you would use this method:
Call TestVBSub
				
You cannot pass a variable name to the Call method. For example, if you have the variable "SubToRun" set to "TestVBSub," you cannot run the TestVBSub Sub procedure with the following:
Call SubToRun
				

Method 4: Run a Sub Procedure Using Only Its Name

You can run a Visual Basic Sub procedure by entering its name on a line by itself. For example, if you want your Sub procedure to run the TestVBSub subroutine, you would enter
TestVBSub
				
on a line by itself. When that line in the subroutine is executed, it will run the TestVBSub subroutine.

Method 5: Sample Visual Basic Procedures

To create six Sub procedures that illustrate the most common methods you can use to run a Visual Basic Sub procedure or Microsoft Excel version 4.0 macro from another Visual Basic procedure, follow these steps:
  1. In a new workbook, insert a Microsoft Excel 4.0 macro sheet called Macro1 and a Visual Basic module called Module1.

    NOTE: To insert a Visual Basic module in Microsoft Excel, press ALT+F11 to activate the Visual Basic Editor. Then, click Module on the Insert menu.
  2. On the macro sheet, enter the following macro:
         
    A1: TestXLM
    A2: =ALERT("TestXLM works!")
    A3: =RETURN()
    						
    This macro displays an alert box.
  3. On the macro sheet, select cell A1.
  4. On the Insert menu, point to Name, and then click Define.
  5. Verify that the following information appears in the Define Name dialog box:

      • The Names In Workbook box contains the name TestXLM.
      • The Refers To box contains the reference =Macro1!$A$1.
      • The Command option is selected under Macro.


    When the settings are as specified above, click OK to define the name of the macro.
  6. In Module1, enter the following Sub procedures:
     Option Explicit
    
     'The TestVBSub subroutine displays a message box: it is the Visual
     'Basic equivalent of the TestXLM macro shown above.
    
     Sub TestVBSub()
         MsgBox "TestVBSub works!"             'Displays a message box.
     End Sub
    
     'The Test1 Sub procedure makes use of the Application.Run method with
     'hard-coded macro/subroutine names.
    
     Sub Test1()
         Application.Run "TestVBSub"
         Application.Run "TestXLM"
     End Sub
    
     'The Test2 Sub procedure makes use of the Application.Run method with
     'variable macro/Sub procedure names.
    
     Sub Test2()
         Dim SubToRun As String, MacroToRun As String
         SubToRun = "TestVBSub"
         MacroToRun = "TestXLM"
         Application.Run SubToRun
         Application.Run MacroToRun
     End Sub
    
     'The Test3 Sub procedure makes use of the
     'Application.ExecuteExcel4Macro
     'method with hard-coded macro/Sub procedure names.
    
     Sub Test3()
         'Note the extra quotation marks which are contained within the
         'RUN statements. These are required in order for the command to
         'evaluate properly.
         Application.ExecuteExcel4Macro "RUN(""TestVBSub"")"
         Application.ExecuteExcel4Macro "RUN(""TestXLM"")"
     End Sub
    
     'The Test4 Sub procedure makes use of the
     'Application.ExecuteExcel4Macro
     'method with variable macro/Sub procedure names.
    
     Sub Test4()
         Dim SubToRun As String, MacroToRun As String
         SubToRun = "TestVBSub"
         MacroToRun = "TestXLM"
         'Note the extra quotation marks which are contained within the
         'RUN statements. These are required in order for the command to
         'evaluate properly.
         Application.ExecuteExcel4Macro "RUN(""" & SubToRun & """)"
         Application.ExecuteExcel4Macro "RUN(""" & MacroToRun & """)"
     End Sub
    
     'The Test5 Sub procedure uses the Call method with hard-coded
     'Sub procedure names.
    
     Sub Test5()
         Call TestVBSub
     End Sub
    
     'The Test6 Sub procedure runs the TestVBSub subroutine because its
     'name is entered on a line by itself.
    
     Sub Test6()
         TestVBSub
     End Sub
    
    					
When you run Test1, Test2, Test3, or Test4, two alert boxes will appear with the messages "TestVBSub works!" and "TestXLM works!" When you run Test5 or Test6, one alert box will appear with the message "TestVBSub works!"

Properties

Article ID: 213837 - Last Review: January 24, 2007 - Revision: 3.7
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Excel 2000 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 2002 Standard Edition
Keywords: 
kbmacro kbdtacode kbhowto kbprogramming KB213837

Give Feedback

 

Contact us for more help

Contact us for more help
Connect with Answer Desk for expert help.
Get more support from smallbusiness.support.microsoft.com