Windows XP DHCP Client Incorrectly Sends Unicast Discover Message

Article translations Article translations
Article ID: 320229 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q320229
Expand all | Collapse all

SYMPTOMS

When you are connected to a wireless network, your Windows XP DHCP client may incorrectly send a Unicast-Discover packet to a DHCP server. When this occur, the client uses one of the following IP addresses:
  • 0.0.0.0
  • An IP address from the APIPA range of addresses (169.254.x.x)
  • An IP address that is on the same subnet as the DHCP server, even if it is inappropriate to do so.

RESOLUTION

To resolve this problem, obtain the latest service pack for Windows XP. For additional information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
322389 How to Obtain the Latest Windows XP Service Pack
The English version of this fix should have the following file attributes or later:
   Date         Time   Version     Size    File name
   ----------------------------------------------------
   23-Aug-2001  05:00  5.1.2600.0  97,000  Dhcpcsvc.dll
				

STATUS

Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed at the beginning of this article. This problem was first corrected in Windows XP Service Pack 1.

MORE INFORMATION

When you are connected to a wireless network, clients frequently roam from one Access Point (AP) to another. It is unknown whether the new AP is connected to the same subnet as the previous AP. Because of this, every new AP association triggers the DHCP client to renew its IP address. It is possible for the Windows XP DHCP client to enter a state where it requests an IP address incorrectly.

This problem may occur whenever a DHCP client sends a Unicast-Discover packet to a DHCP server by using a relay agent. Because it is a Unicast packet, it is not modified by the DHCP Relay Agent. With no relay agent involved, the GIADDR field in the Discover packet is not updated and remains set to 0.0.0.0. The DHCP server correctly interprets this as being a local client on the same IP subnet as the DHCP server itself.

Because of this behavior, the client does not receive the resulting DHCP OFFER response from the DHCP server. This occurs because the packet cannot be returned to the client's subnet without a valid GIADDR value for the return path.

Properties

Article ID: 320229 - Last Review: October 31, 2006 - Revision: 1.2
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
Keywords: 
kbhotfixserver kbqfe kbbug kbenv kbfix kbnetwork kbwinxpsp1fix KB320229

Give Feedback

 

Contact us for more help

Contact us for more help
Connect with Answer Desk for expert help.
Get more support from smallbusiness.support.microsoft.com