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SUMMARY

This article contains sample Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications functions that you can use to convert a numeric value in a Microsoft Excel worksheet cell into its equivalent in English words.

MORE INFORMATION

Microsoft provides programming examples for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied. This includes, but is not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. This article assumes that you are familiar with the programming language that is being demonstrated and with the tools that are used to create and to debug procedures. Microsoft support engineers can help explain the functionality of a particular procedure. However, they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality or construct procedures to meet your specific requirements.

How to create the sample function Called SpellNumber

  1. Start Microsoft Excel.
  2. Press ALT+F11 to start the Visual Basic Editor.
  3. On the Insert menu, click Module.
  4. Type the following code into the module sheet.
    Option Explicit
    'Main Function
    Function SpellNumber(ByVal MyNumber)
        Dim Dollars, Cents, Temp
        Dim DecimalPlace, Count
        ReDim Place(9) As String
        Place(2) = " Thousand "
        Place(3) = " Million "
        Place(4) = " Billion "
        Place(5) = " Trillion "
        ' String representation of amount.
        MyNumber = Trim(Str(MyNumber))
        ' Position of decimal place 0 if none.
        DecimalPlace = InStr(MyNumber, ".")
        ' Convert cents and set MyNumber to dollar amount.
        If DecimalPlace > 0 Then
            Cents = GetTens(Left(Mid(MyNumber, DecimalPlace + 1) & _
                      "00", 2))
            MyNumber = Trim(Left(MyNumber, DecimalPlace - 1))
        End If
        Count = 1
        Do While MyNumber <> ""
            Temp = GetHundreds(Right(MyNumber, 3))
            If Temp <> "" Then Dollars = Temp & Place(Count) & Dollars
            If Len(MyNumber) > 3 Then
                MyNumber = Left(MyNumber, Len(MyNumber) - 3)
            Else
                MyNumber = ""
            End If
            Count = Count + 1
        Loop
        Select Case Dollars
            Case ""
                Dollars = "No Dollars"
            Case "One"
                Dollars = "One Dollar"
             Case Else
                Dollars = Dollars & " Dollars"
        End Select
        Select Case Cents
            Case ""
                Cents = " and No Cents"
            Case "One"
                Cents = " and One Cent"
                  Case Else
                Cents = " and " & Cents & " Cents"
        End Select
        SpellNumber = Dollars & Cents
    End Function
          
    ' Converts a number from 100-999 into text 
    Function GetHundreds(ByVal MyNumber)
        Dim Result As String
        If Val(MyNumber) = 0 Then Exit Function
        MyNumber = Right("000" & MyNumber, 3)
        ' Convert the hundreds place.
        If Mid(MyNumber, 1, 1) <> "0" Then
            Result = GetDigit(Mid(MyNumber, 1, 1)) & " Hundred "
        End If
        ' Convert the tens and ones place.
        If Mid(MyNumber, 2, 1) <> "0" Then
            Result = Result & GetTens(Mid(MyNumber, 2))
        Else
            Result = Result & GetDigit(Mid(MyNumber, 3))
        End If
        GetHundreds = Result
    End Function
          
    ' Converts a number from 10 to 99 into text. 
    Function GetTens(TensText)
        Dim Result As String
        Result = ""           ' Null out the temporary function value.
        If Val(Left(TensText, 1)) = 1 Then   ' If value between 10-19...
            Select Case Val(TensText)
                Case 10: Result = "Ten"
                Case 11: Result = "Eleven"
                Case 12: Result = "Twelve"
                Case 13: Result = "Thirteen"
                Case 14: Result = "Fourteen"
                Case 15: Result = "Fifteen"
                Case 16: Result = "Sixteen"
                Case 17: Result = "Seventeen"
                Case 18: Result = "Eighteen"
                Case 19: Result = "Nineteen"
                Case Else
            End Select
        Else                                 ' If value between 20-99...
            Select Case Val(Left(TensText, 1))
                Case 2: Result = "Twenty "
                Case 3: Result = "Thirty "
                Case 4: Result = "Forty "
                Case 5: Result = "Fifty "
                Case 6: Result = "Sixty "
                Case 7: Result = "Seventy "
                Case 8: Result = "Eighty "
                Case 9: Result = "Ninety "
                Case Else
            End Select
            Result = Result & GetDigit _
                (Right(TensText, 1))  ' Retrieve ones place.
        End If
        GetTens = Result
    End Function
         
    ' Converts a number from 1 to 9 into text. 
    Function GetDigit(Digit)
        Select Case Val(Digit)
            Case 1: GetDigit = "One"
            Case 2: GetDigit = "Two"
            Case 3: GetDigit = "Three"
            Case 4: GetDigit = "Four"
            Case 5: GetDigit = "Five"
            Case 6: GetDigit = "Six"
            Case 7: GetDigit = "Seven"
            Case 8: GetDigit = "Eight"
            Case 9: GetDigit = "Nine"
            Case Else: GetDigit = ""
        End Select
    End Function
    					

How to use the SpellNumber sample function

To use the sample functions to change a number to written text, use one of the methods demonstrated in the following examples:

Method 1: Direct Entry

You can change 32.50 into "Thirty Two Dollars and Fifty Cents" by entering the following formula into a cell:
=SpellNumber(32.50)

Method 2: Cell reference

You can refer to other cells in the workbook. For example, enter the number 32.50 into cell A1, and type the following formula into another cell:
=SpellNumber(A1)

Method 3: Paste Function or Insert Function

To enter a custom function into a worksheet, you can use Paste Function in Excel 2000, or you can use Insert Function in Excel 2002 and in Excel 2003.

Excel 2000

To use Paste Function, follow these steps:
  1. Select the cell that you want.
  2. Click Paste Function on the Standard toolbar.
  3. Under Function category, click User Defined.
  4. Under Function name, click SpellNumber, and then click OK.
  5. Enter the number or cell reference that you want, and then click OK.

Excel 2002 and Excel 2003

To use Insert Function, follow these steps:
  1. Select the cell that you want.
  2. Click Insert Function on the Standard toolbar.
  3. Under Or select a category, click User Defined.
  4. In the Select a function list, click SpellNumber, and then click OK.
  5. Enter the number or cell reference that you want, and then click OK.

Properties

Article ID: 213360 - Last Review: June 19, 2007 - Revision: 7.4
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Office Excel 2003
  • Microsoft Excel 2002 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 2000 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 97 Standard Edition
Keywords: 
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