FIX: Query failure and an "Invalid column name" error message occur when you run a linked server query to another instance of SQL Server 2008 or SQL Server 2008 R2

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Article ID: 2352413 - View products that this article applies to.
Microsoft distributes Microsoft SQL Server 2008 and Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2 fixes as one downloadable file. Because the fixes are cumulative, each new release contains all the hotfixes and all the security fixes that were included with the previous SQL Server 2008 or SQL Server 2008 R2 fix release.
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SYMPTOMS

When you run a linked server query from one instance of Microsoft SQL Server 2008 or SQL Server 2008 R2 to another instance of SQL Server, the query fails, and you receive an error message that resembles the following:
Msg 8180, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
Statement(s) could not be prepared.
Msg 4104, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
The multi-part identifier "<column name>" could not be bound.
Msg 207, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
Invalid column name '<column name>'.

CAUSE

This issue occurs because some columns are incorrectly included in the linked server query. However, these columns are not in the linked server table. Therefore, the query fails.

Note To display information about each statement of the linked server query, use the SET SHOWPLAN_ALL or SET SHOWPLAN_XML setting. To determine whether the query is incorrectly formed, check the Remote Query section of the SET SHOWPLAN_ALL or SET SHOWPLAN_XML setting output.

RESOLUTION

SQL Server 2008 Service Pack 1

The fix for this issue was first released in Cumulative Update 10 for SQL Server 2008 Service Pack 1. For more information about this cumulative update package, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
2279604 Cumulative update package 10 for SQL Server 2008 Service Pack 1
Note Because the builds are cumulative, each new fix release contains all the hotfixes and all the security fixes that were included with the previous SQL Server 2008 fix release. Microsoft recommends that you consider applying the most recent fix release that contains this hotfix. For more information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
970365 The SQL Server 2008 builds that were released after SQL Server 2008 Service Pack 1 was released
Microsoft SQL Server 2008 hotfixes are created for specific SQL Server service packs. You must apply a SQL Server 2008 Service Pack 1 hotfix to an installation of SQL Server 2008 Service Pack 1. By default, any hotfix that is provided in a SQL Server service pack is included in the next SQL Server service pack.

SQL Server 2008 Service Pack 2

The fix for this issue was first released in Cumulative Update 1 for SQL Server 2008 Service Pack 2. For more information about this cumulative update package, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
2289254 Cumulative update 1 for SQL Server 2008 Service Pack 2
Note Because the builds are cumulative, each new fix release contains all the hotfixes and all the security fixes that were included with the previous SQL Server 2008 fix release. We recommend that you consider applying the most recent fix release that contains this hotfix. For more information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
2402659 The SQL Server 2008 builds that were released after SQL Server 2008 Service Pack 2 was released


SQL Server 2008 R2

The fix for this issue was first released in Cumulative Update 5. For more information about how to obtain this cumulative update package for SQL Server 2008 R2, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
2438347 Cumulative Update package 5 for SQL Server 2008 R2
Note Because the builds are cumulative, each new fix release contains all the hotfixes and all the security fixes that were included with the previous SQL Server 2008 R2 fix release. We recommend that you consider applying the most recent fix release that contains this hotfix. For more information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
981356 The SQL Server 2008 R2 builds that were released after SQL Server 2008 R2 was released

STATUS

Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section.

REFERENCES

For more information about the SET SHOWPLAN_XML setting, visit the following Microsoft Developer Network (MSDN) website:
General information about the "SET SHOWPLAN_XML" setting
For more information about the SET SHOWPLAN_ALL setting, visit the following MSDN website:
General information about the "SET SHOWPLAN_ALL" setting
For more information about the Incremental Servicing Model for SQL Server, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
935897 An Incremental Servicing Model is available from the SQL Server team to deliver hotfixes for reported problems
For more information about the naming schema for SQL Server updates, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
822499 New naming schema for Microsoft SQL Server software update packages
For more information about software update terminology, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
824684 Description of the standard terminology that is used to describe Microsoft software updates

Properties

Article ID: 2352413 - Last Review: December 23, 2010 - Revision: 3.0
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Developer
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Standard
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Standard Edition for Small Business
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Workgroup
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2 Developer
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2 Enterprise
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2 Standard
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2 Workgroup
Keywords: 
kbqfe kbfix kbexpertiseadvanced kbsurveynew KB2352413

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