?? ?????? Windows 7 ??? ?? Windows Server 2008 R2 ??? ASLR ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ??

???? ?????? ???? ??????
???? ID: 2639308 - ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??.
??? ?? ??????? ???? | ??? ?? ??????? ????

?? ????? ??

??????

(??? ????? ????? Randomization) ????? ASLR ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ASLR ?????? Windows 7 ?? Windows Server 2008 R2 ???? ?? ???, ?? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ASLR ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????.

?? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ASLR ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??? ???????? /DYNAMICBASE linker ???? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??? ????????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? (IFEO) ?? ????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???? IFEO ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???, ????? Microsoft ??? ???? ?? ????:
IFEO ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????

???? ???????

?????? ???????

?? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ????

????? ??????? Microsoft ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????:
?? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????
???????? ????????????
Windows 7 ?? ??? ??????? x86-?????? ???????
?? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ????
??????? ????
?????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????
Windows 7 ?? ??? ??????? x64-?????? ???????
?? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ????
??????? ????
?????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????
Windows Server 2008 R2 ?? ??? x64-?????? ??????? ???????
?? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ????
??????? ????
?????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????
Windows Server 2008 R2 ?? ??? ??????? IA-x64-?????? ???????
?? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ????
??????? ????
?????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????
Microsoft ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? Microsoft ?????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????:
119591 ?????? ?????? ?? Microsoft ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? ????
Microsoft ?? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???? Microsoft ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????-??? ?????????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???????-??????????? ????? ?? ???????? ???

??????????

?? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ??? ?? ?? ????? ?????:
  • Windows 7
  • Windows 7 ?????? ??? 1 (SP1)
  • Windows Server 2008 R2
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 ?????? ??? 1 (SP1)
?? Windows 7 ?? Windows Server 2008 R2 ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? Microsoft ?????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????:
976932Windows 7 ?? Windows Server 2008 R2 ?? ??? ?????? ??? 1 ?? ???? ??? ???????

????????? ???????

?????????? ?? ??????, ??????, ?? ????? ?? ?? ????????? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???????, ??? ?? ????????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ?????, ????????? ???? ?? ?? ?? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ???, ????????? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ??, ?? ???? ???, ?? ????????? ?? ???????????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????????? ?? ???????????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? Microsoft ?????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????:
322756 ??? ?? ???? ?? Windows ??? ????????? ?? ???????????? ???? ????
?? ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????:
  1. ???? ???????? ?? ?? ?????????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ?? ?????
  2. ????? ???? ???????
    ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ????
    ??????? ???
    , ?????? regedit ??? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ????, ?? ???? ??? Enter ??????
  3. ?????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????????? ??????? ????? ????:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Image ????? ???????? ??????
  4. ??? ?????, ????????, ?????? ??????? ?? ???????, ???? ????????? (?????? ?? ???, Myapp.exe) ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ????????? ???? ???? ????:
    • ????-????? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ???????, ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?????.
    • ?? ????? ????-????? ????, ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????.
    • ????? ?? ??? ' % ws ' ?? ???? ?????????, ?????? ?? ??? Myapp.exe ?? ??? ??????? ?????
  5. ????-????? ???? Myapp.exe ??????? ?? ??? ???? ???, ?? ??? ????? ???? QWORD ???.
  6. ?? ????? ????-????? ????, ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????. ?????? MitigationOptions, ?? ???? ??? Enter ??????
  7. ????? ???? ??????? ????, ?? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ????.
  8. ??? ??? ???? ????? ???, ?????? 0x100, ?? ??? ????? ???? ???.
  9. ????????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????
    ??? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?? 0x300, stripped relocations ?? ??? ??? ??? ???? ?????

???????? ??????????

?? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ???? ???

?????? ??????????? ???????

?? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ???????????? ???? ?????

????? ???????

?? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ????????? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ????????? ??? (UTC) ??? ???????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? (DST) ???? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ????????? ???? ???? ???? ?????, ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ???
Windows 7 ?? Windows Server 2008 R2 ????? ??????? ???
  • ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????, SR_Level (RTM, SP ???? ????n), ?? (LDR, GDR) ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????
    ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????
    ?????????????SR_Level???? ????
    6.1.760 0 . 16xxxWindows 7 ?? Windows Server 2008 R2RTMGDR
    6.1.760 0 . 20xxxWindows 7 ?? Windows Server 2008 R2RTMLDR
    6.1.760 1 . 17xxxWindows 7 ?? Windows Server 2008 R2SP1GDR
    6.1.760 1 . 21xxxWindows 7 ?? Windows Server 2008 R2SP1LDR
  • GDR ???? ?????? ??? ???????, ?????????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???????? ???? LDR ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ????????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ???? ????
  • ?????????? ??????? (.manifest) ?? ??????? ????? ??????? (. mum) ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ???-??? ???????? "???????? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2008 R2 ?? Windows 7 ?? ???" ?????? ???? ????? ?? ?????????? ?????, ?? ??????? ??????? ?????? (. cat) ???????, ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ????????? ???????? ???? ???, ??????? ?????? ???????, Microsoft ??????? ????????? ?? ??? ??????????? ????
Windows 7 ?? ??? ??????? x86-?????? ????????? ?? ???
?? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????
????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ?? ????????????????????????
Ntkrnlpa.exe6.1.7600.169173,957,61619-??-201114: 25???? ????
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7600.169173,902,32019-??-201114: 25???? ????
Ntkrnlpa.exe6.1.7600.210943,971,44019-??-201111: 24???? ????
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7600.210943,915,63219-??-201111: 24???? ????
Ntkrnlpa.exe6.1.7601.177273,968,36819-??-201114: 50???? ????
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7601.177273,913,58419-??-201114: 50???? ????
Ntkrnlpa.exe6.1.7601.218633,971,44019-??-201111: 11???? ????
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7601.218633,916,65619-??-201111: 11???? ????
Windows 7 ?? Windows Server 2008 R2 ?? ??? ??????? x64-?????? ????????? ?? ???
?? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????
????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ?? ????????????????????????
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7600.169175,504,88019-??-201118: 30x 64
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7600.210945,473,13619-??-201112: 34x 64
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7601.177275,559,15219-??-201115: 20x 64
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7601.218635,561,20019-??-201112: 04x 64
Ntkrnlpa.exe6.1.7600.169173,957,61619-??-201114: 25???? ????
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7600.169173,902,32019-??-201114: 25???? ????
Ntkrnlpa.exe6.1.7600.210943,971,44019-??-201111: 24???? ????
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7600.210943,915,63219-??-201111: 24???? ????
Ntkrnlpa.exe6.1.7601.177273,968,36819-??-201114: 50???? ????
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7601.177273,913,58419-??-201114: 50???? ????
Ntkrnlpa.exe6.1.7601.218633,971,44019-??-201111: 11???? ????
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7601.218633,916,65619-??-201111: 11???? ????
??? ??????? IA-x64-?????? ????????? ?? Windows Server 2008 R2 ?? ???
?? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????
????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ?? ????????????????????????
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7600.1691711,177,32819-??-201114: 21IA-64
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7600.2109411,142,00019-??-201111: 13IA-64
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7601.1772711,120,49619-??-201114: 12IA-64
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7601.2186311,129,20019-??-201111: 01IA-64
Ntkrnlpa.exe6.1.7600.169173,957,61619-??-201114: 25???? ????
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7600.169173,902,32019-??-201114: 25???? ????
Ntkrnlpa.exe6.1.7600.210943,971,44019-??-201111: 24???? ????
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7600.210943,915,63219-??-201111: 24???? ????
Ntkrnlpa.exe6.1.7601.177273,968,36819-??-201114: 50???? ????
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7601.177273,913,58419-??-201114: 50???? ????
Ntkrnlpa.exe6.1.7601.218633,971,44019-??-201111: 11???? ????
Ntoskrnl.exe6.1.7601.218633,916,65619-??-201111: 11???? ????

ASLR ?? ???? ??? ???? ???????

ASLR ?? ???? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? costly ????? ?? mitigation ??????? ??? ?? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??, ASLR ??? ????? ????? ???? ??????????? ?? ??? ????????? ??? ????? ASLR ??? ???????? ????????? ASLR ?????? randomized ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ASLR ??????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ??? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ?? ??? predictable ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???? ???

urrently ASLR ?????????? Microsoft Visual C++ 2008 ?? ????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?? ?? /DYNAMICBASE:NO linker ???? ???? ?? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?? ?? ????? ASLR ????? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ??? ???? ???? ?? ??? linker ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? linker ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???, ????? Microsoft ??? ???? ?? ????:
/DYNAMICBASE linker ???? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????
ASLR ??? ??? ???? ???????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?????Mitigation ??????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???, ????? Microsoft ??? ???? ?? ????:
Mitigation ??????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????
??? ????? ???????? ?????? (IFEO) ????????? ????????? ???? ??? ???? ??
???? ???????? ?? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ??? IFEO ????????? ????? ?? ??????????? ??:
???? MitigationOptions ??? ?????? ????????? ???? ?????? ?? HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Image ????? ???????? Options\????????? ??? ????

?? ?? introduced IFEO ????????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ???? ???-ASLR ?????? ?? ??? ????? ASLR ??????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ASLR ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ?? ????:
?? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ????
2662731

Entropy ?????? ???????? ASLR ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ??

????? ASLR ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??? entropy ?? ?????? ???? ????? Entropy ?? ??????? ??? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????????? ??????? "????-??? randomization." ?? ??????????? ?? ???? ??? ????-??? randomization randomizing ?? ????? ???? ???? ??, ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?? ????-??? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ????????? ????-??? randomization VirtualAlloc ??????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????? 64 ???????? (64 K) ????????? ?? reserving ?????? ??????????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????? dictates entropy ???????? relocated ?????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?????

VirtualAlloc ??????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???, ????? Microsoft ??? ???? ?? ????:
VirtualAlloc ??????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????
????????? ??????

???????? ASLR ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? relocating ????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ????????????, ?? ?????????? ???????? ???? ????? ASLR ?????? ????? ?? ??? ??, ?? ??????????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? encouraged ????
?????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? Microsoft ?????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????:
824684Microsoft ?????????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?????

???????? ????? ???????

Windows 7 ?? ??? ???????? ????? ???????

??? ??????? x86-?????? ????????? Windows 7 ?? ??? ???????? ???????
?? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????
????? ?? ???X86_4c849b9f953ff23cbd03120e7c7355e6_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.21094_none_cd366ffe60200e07.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????717
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???X86_a1a40df738d9f29c3bec34f27de0d33a_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.16917_none_fef94f9f6ba5b9a0.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????697
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???X86_b59092094779cae15109811d499a77b4_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.21094_none_84d4b00adae83f36.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????697
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???X86_bffc18aa52230d0daa49b8720674de3e_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.16841_none_0cb32ea90a3edc33.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????717
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???X86_d0aa463bff211116e88b6ff5f53df9ea_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7601.21863_none_fc44d31841a44c40.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????697
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???X86_f15f0e2c3ff0a9be84d645ed9d41250f_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7601.17727_none_8e0ea66fbe8082dd.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????697
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???X86_microsoft-windows-os-kernel_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.16917_none_6c547330153c05da.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????16,151
?????? (UTC)19-??-2011
??? (UTC)19: 54
????? ?? ???X86_microsoft-windows-os-kernel_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.21094_none_6c8465f92e9d6f42.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????16,151
?????? (UTC)19-??-2011
??? (UTC)11: 52
????? ?? ???X86_microsoft-windows-os-kernel_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7601.17727_none_6e30004a126a8db7.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????16,151
?????? (UTC)19-??-2011
??? (UTC)19: 51
????? ?? ???X86_microsoft-windows-os-kernel_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7601.21863_none_6e8a5c3d2bac37e9.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????16,151
?????? (UTC)19-??-2011
??? (UTC)11: 44
????? ?? ???X86_microsoft-windows-r.gistry-trustedtypes_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.16841_none_83fb97bc8f9ecf16.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????8,047
?????? (UTC)23-???-2011
??? (UTC)04: 55
????? ?? ???X86_microsoft-windows-r.gistry-trustedtypes_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.21094_none_8451fdeba8e279dc.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????8,047
?????? (UTC)19-??-2011
??? (UTC)11: 41
Windows 7 ?? Windows Server 2008 R2 ?? ??? ??????? x64-?????? ????????? ?? ??? ???????? ???????
?? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????
????? ?? ???Amd64_0e4b1feddab71a271e5e248c4c28654c_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7601.17727_none_4284c4548220800e.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????701
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???Amd64_30e9e64bdc37c68d6ade06b44e6d41f9_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.21094_none_87a82642ec078a7a.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????1,042
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???Amd64_32d14b46b25ef879ee0b9c553e2d066e_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7601.21863_none_83ac019f00b3743b.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????1,042
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???Amd64_5d45097eb426019b8290506e5b7faa24_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.16841_none_29fb2b5f4788482f.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????721
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???Amd64_7ffae595f6decdef86d6df31b864549a_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7601.17727_none_ce4406a26bedd2c6.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????1,042
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???Amd64_a1a40df738d9f29c3bec34f27de0d33a_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.16917_none_5b17eb2324032ad6.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????699
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???Amd64_a4a3c4f5d6cbce78079a8bcdc96b0c2c_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.21094_none_bb67f2e1d6a615ae.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????721
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???Amd64_a63655942d6c7d4f6a0d6dafb091a374_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.16917_none_cb2ec6b8875dbe1b.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????701
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???Amd64_b59092094779cae15109811d499a77b4_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.21094_none_e0f34b8e9345b06c.manifest
????? ??????????? ??? ????
????? ?? ????699
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???Amd64_d0aa463bff211116e88b6ff5f53df9ea_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7601.21863_none_58636e9bfa01bd76.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????699
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???Amd64_dc8f020bcff9a06b1ca8277f4205f614_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.21094_none_bbc0b4394bb35f72.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????701
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???Amd64_ded180d6775ad9f0c9471946715c170f_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.16917_none_996d30a8355cea4f.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????1,042
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???Amd64_e58cfe3ceeb96c0e2f2d9729d52d646a_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7601.21863_none_33fad96a96a9bae6.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????701
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???Amd64_f15f0e2c3ff0a9be84d645ed9d41250f_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7601.17727_none_ea2d41f376ddf413.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????699
?????? (UTC)20-??-2011
??? (UTC)15: 15
????? ?? ???Amd64_microsoft-windows-os-kernel_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.16917_none_c8730eb3cd997710.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????15,291
?????? (UTC)19-??-2011
??? (UTC)19: 51
????? ?? ???Amd64_microsoft-windows-os-kernel_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.21094_none_c8a3017ce6fae078.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????15,291
?????? (UTC)19-??-2011
??? (UTC)13: 02
????? ?? ???Amd64_microsoft-windows-os-kernel_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7601.17727_none_ca4e9bcdcac7feed.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????15,291
?????? (UTC)19-??-2011
??? (UTC)19: 53
????? ?? ???Amd64_microsoft-windows-os-kernel_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7601.21863_none_caa8f7c0e409a91f.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????15,291
?????? (UTC)19-??-2011
??? (UTC)12: 40
????? ?? ???Amd64_microsoft-windows-r.gistry-trustedtypes_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.16841_none_e01a334047fc404c.manifest
????? ??????????? ????
????? ?? ????8,049
?????? (UTC)23-???-2011
??? (UTC)05: 55
????? ?? ???Amd64_microsoft-windows-r.gistry-trustedtypes_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.21094_none_e070996f613feb12.manifest
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Windows 7 ?? Windows Server 2008 R2 ?? ??? ??????? x64-?????? ????????? ?? ??? ???????? ???????
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????? ?? ???Ia64_2150869e2bff8fcad9abda47332aefee_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.21094_none_10a46444845f17b1.manifest
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????? ?? ???Ia64_25953bc6a6c47b2351b2069a994a15f4_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7600.21094_none_01de411e0b6bce41.manifest
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??? (UTC)15: 14
????? ?? ???Ia64_4039ed4699bf62c537e1f0dcea1eea2d_31bf3856ad364e35_6.1.7601.17727_none_84a32a3d910bd5be.manifest
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??? (UTC)15: 14
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???

???? ID: 2639308 - ????? ???????: 04 ????? 2013 - ??????: 3.0
???? ???? ???? ??:
  • Windows 7 Enterprise
  • Windows 7 Home Basic
  • Windows 7 Home Premium
  • Windows 7 Professional
  • Windows 7 Starter
  • Windows 7 Ultimate
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Foundation
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-Based Systems
??????: 
kbfix kbsurveynew kbexpertiseinter atdownload kbmt KB2639308 KbMthi
???? ?????? ????????
??????????: ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??. Microsoft ???? ??? ????-???????? ?? ????-???????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??. ???????, ????-???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???. ?????, ????????, ?????-???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???, ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??. Microsoft ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????, ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??. Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ??.
?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??:2639308

??????????? ???

 

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