Lm th? no ? chuy?n ?i m?t kh?i l?ng FAT16 hay m?t kh?i l?ng FAT32 ? h? th?ng t?p NTSF trong Windows XP

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Tm t?t

Bi vi?t ny m t? lm th? no ? chuy?n ?i m?t h? th?ng t?p FAT16 hay h? th?ng t?p FAT32 ? h? th?ng t?p NTSF trong Microsoft Windows XP. Cc yu c?u ho?c cc i?u ki?n ? chuy?n ?i h? th?ng t?p c?a b?n ?c gi?i thch ?u tin ? gi?m thi?u v?n ?. M?t ph?n kh?c ph?c s? c? ?c cung c?p ? ph?n cu?i c?a bi vi?t trong tr?ng h?p b?n g?p b?t k? v?n ? trong khi c? g?ng chuy?n ?i.

GI?I THI?U

Microsoft Windows XP h? tr? h? th?ng ba t?p tin sau y cho ?a c? ?nh:
  • FAT16
  • FAT32
  • NTFS
Chng ti ? ngh? r?ng b?n s? d?ng NTFS v?i Windows XP v? tnh nng nng cao hi?u su?t, an ninh v ? tin c?y c?a n. Bi vi?t ny m t? lm th? no ? chuy?n ?i m?t kh?i l?ng FAT16 hay FAT32 t?p thnh NTFS.

Yu c?u

Tr?c khi b?n B?t ?u ? chuy?n ?i m?t kh?i l?ng ch?t bo ho?c m?t kh?i l?ng FAT32 NTFS, xem xt vi?c h?n ch? v yu c?u sau y:
  • UDF v CDFS ch? ?c s? d?ng v?i phng ti?n truy?n thng quang h?c v khng th? beconverted thnh NTFS.
  • FAT12 l ?nh d?ng duy nh?t ?c s? d?ng trn floppydiskettes.
  • M?t s? chng tr?nh tr?c khng ?c vi?t cho MicrosoftWindows NT 4.0 ho?c cho Microsoft Windows 2000 c th? tri?n l?m ch?m hi?u su?t afteryou chuy?n ?i h? th?ng t?p FAT32 thnh NTFS. V?n ? ny khng x?y ra trn m?t cleanpartition NTFS.
  • B?n c th? s? d?ng l?nh chuy?n ?i (Convert.exe) ? chuy?n ?i anexisting kh?i l?ng ch?t bo ho?c FAT32 kh?i l?ng thnh NTFS. V? ny retainsall chuy?n ?i t?p tin c?a b?n (khng gi?ng nh m?t ho?t ?ng ?nh d?ng), s? d?ng Convert.exe khi b?n mu?n tokeep s?n c tranh kh?i l?ng c?a b?n c?n nguyn v?n.
  • Chuy?n ?i sang NTFS l m?t qu tr?nh m?t chi?u. Sau khi youconvert m?t ia ho?c m?t phn vng NTFS, b?n khng th? chuy?n ?i n quay l?i ch?t bo ho?c toFAT32. ? khi ph?c m l?ng h? th?ng t?p tr?c , b?n ph?i ?nh d?ng l?i itas FAT hay FAT32. Hnh ?ng ny xo t?t c? d? li?u hi?n c bao g?m c? yourprograms v t?p tin c nhn. Trong tr?ng h?p ny, b?n ph?i khi ph?c c?a b?n datafrom m?t ?ng g?i lu, ho?c ci ?t chuyn bi?t l?i h iu hanh v chng tr?nh c?a b?n.
  • Convert.exe c?n thi?t b?n c m?t s? khng gian tr?ng trn thedrive ho?c trn phn vng ? chuy?n ?i n. N?u Convert.exe xc ?nh r?ng b?ng cha ? gi?i phng khng gian trn ia, n khng chuy?n ?i thevolume.
  • N?u b?n ch?y my tnh Microsoft Windows h iu hanh trn khc ngoi Windows XP, lu ? cc v?n ? sau:
    • Ch? Windows 2000 v Windows XP c th? truy c?p vo cc t?p tin trn m?t ia NTFS.
    • Windows NT 4.0 Service Pack 4 (SP4) ho?c sau c th? truy c?p cc t?p tin trn m?t ia NTFS. Tuy nhin, c l m?t s? h?n ch? v?i cc t?p tin ?c lu tr? b?ng cch s? d?ng cc tnh nng t? phin b?n m?i nh?t c?a NTFS.
    • Microsoft Windows Millennium Edition (Me), Microsoft Windows 98 Second Edition v tr?c , v MS-DOS khng th? truy c?p cc t?p tin trn m?t ia NTFS.

Lm th? no ? chuy?n ?i m?t kh?i l?ng ch?t bo ho?c m?t kh?i l?ng FAT32 thnh NTFS

Lu ?: M?c d c h?i h?ng ho?c m?t d? li?u trong tin trinh chuyn i l t?i thi?u, chng ti khuyn b?n th?c hi?n m?t sao lu d? li?u trn ia m b?n mu?n chuy?n ?i tr?c khi b?n B?t ?u chuy?n ?i.

? chuy?n ?i m?t kh?i l?ng hi?n t?i FAT hay FAT32 NTFS, h?y lm theo cc b?c sau:
  1. Nh?p vo B?t ?u, i?m ?n AllPrograms, i?m ?n ph? ki?n, v sau nh?p vod?u ki?m nh?c l?nh.
  2. T?i d?u ki?m nh?c l?nh, g? nh sau, nik t? ?i di?n ia l ia m b?n mu?n chuy?n ?i:
    chuy?n ?i k t? ?i di?n ia: /fs:ntfs
    V d?, g? l?nh sau ? chuy?n ?i ia E toNTFS:
    chuy?n ?i e: /fs:ntfs
    Lu ?: N?u h iu hanh trn ia m b?n ang chuy?n ?i, b?n s? ?c nh?c ? ln l?ch tc v? khi b?n kh?i ?ng l?i my tnh b?i v? vi?c chuy?n ?i khng th? hon t?t trong khi h iu hanh ang ch?y. Khi b?n ?c nh?c, nh?p vo c.
  3. Khi b?n nh?n ?c thng bo sau lc commandprompt, nh?p nh?n ia m b?n ang chuy?n ?i, v thenpress ENTER:
    Cc lo?i h? th?ng t?p l ch?t bo.
    Nh?p nh?n ia hi?n t?i cho ia driveletter
  4. Khi chuy?n ?i sang NTFS ?c hon t?t, b?n nh?n ?c thng bo thefollowing t?i d?u ki?m nh?c l?nh:
    Conversioncomplete
  5. B? d?u ki?m nh?c l?nh.

Kh?c ph?c s? c?

  • Khi b?n c? g?ng ? chuy?n ?i m?t kh?i l?ng thnh NTFS, b?n nh?n ?c thng bo l?i thefollowing t?i d?u ki?m nh?c l?nh:
    Convertcannot ?c ?c quy?n truy c?p vo cc k t? ?i di?n iali xe, v? v?y n khng th? chuy?n ?i n by gi?. B?n c mu?n ? s?p x?p n ? beconverted sau khi h? th?ng kh?i ?ng l?i?<Y></Y>
    Ny issueoccurs khi kh?i l?ng m b?n ang c? g?ng ? chuy?n ?i trong dng, v d?, n?u ia m b?n mu?n chuy?n ?i l cng m?t ia m Windows XP isrunning.

    ? gi?i quy?t v?n ? ny, h?y g? Y t?i d?u ki?m nh?c thecommand. Kh?i l?ng ho?c ia ?c chuy?n ?i sang NTFS ti?p theo th?i gian m youstart my tnh c?a b?n.
  • Khi b?n c? g?ng ? chuy?n ?i m?t kh?i l?ng thnh NTFS, b?n nh?n ?c thng bo l?i thefollowing t?i d?u ki?m nh?c l?nh:
    Convertcannot ch?y v? kh?i l?ng ang s? d?ng b?i m?t ti?n tr?nh khc. Chuy?n ?i c th? ch?y chu kh?i l?ng dismounted l?n ?u tin. T?T C? CC CH?T M? VO B? ?A NY S? THENBE khng h?p l?. B?n c mu?n p bu?c m?t dismount trn ia ny khng?<Y></Y>
    V?n ? ny x?y ra khi khng c cc t?p tin l beingused trn ia m b?n ang c? g?ng ? chuy?n ?i. i?u ny bao g?m cc t?p areaccessed b?i ng?i s? d?ng trn m?ng.

    ? gi?i quy?t v?n ? ny, s? d?ng m?t trong nh?ng phng php sau y:
    • Thot kh?i t?t c? cc chng tr?nh ang s? d?ng cc t?p tin trn ia, v sau g? y t?i d?u ki?m nh?c l?nh ? chuy?n ?i cc ia NTFS.
    • T?i d?u ki?m nh?c l?nh, g? Y.
B?n nh?n ?c thng bo l?i sau:
Chuy?n ?i khng th? ?c ?c quy?n truy c?p vo cc k t? ?i di?n ia li xe, v? v?y n khng th? chuy?n ?i n by gi?. B?n c mu?n l?ch tr?nh ph?i ?c chuy?n ?i khi h? th?ng kh?i ?ng l?i?<Y></Y>
Lo?i Y t?i d?u ki?m nh?c l?nh. Kh?i l?ng ho?c ia ?c chuy?n ?i sang NTFS l?n sau khi b?n kh?i ?ng my tnh c?a b?n.

Tham kh?o

? bi?t thm chi ti?t v? Convert.exe, h?y lm theo cc b?c sau ? xem danh sch cc tham s? d?ng l?nh:
  1. Nh?p vo B?t ?u, i?m ?n AllPrograms, i?m ?n ph? ki?n, v sau nh?p vod?u ki?m nh?c l?nh.
  2. T?i d?u ki?m nh?c l?nh, g? helpconvert, v sau nh?n ENTER.
M?t danh sch cc tham s? dong lnh cho Convert.exe xu?t hi?n.? bi?t thm chi ti?t v? bao nhiu khng gian mi?n ph l c?n thi?t ? chuy?n ?i FAT thnh NTFS, nh?p vo s? bi vi?t sau ? xem bi vi?t trong c s? ki?n th?c Microsoft:
156560 Mi?n ph khng gian c?n thi?t ? chuy?n ?i FAT thnh NTFS

Thu?c tnh

ID c?a bi: 307881 - L?n xem xt sau cng: 09 Thang Hai 2014 - Xem xt l?i: 3.0
p d?ng
  • Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
T? kha:
kbfilesystems kbtshoot kbhowtomaster kbenv kbmt KB307881 KbMtvi
My d?ch
QUAN TRONG: Bai vit nay c d?ch b?ng phn mm dich thu?t cua Microsoft va co th c Cng ng Microsoft chinh sa l?i thng qua cng ngh CTF thay vi mt bin dich vin chuyn nghip. Microsoft cung c?p cc bi vi?t ?c c? bin d?ch vin v ph?n m?m d?ch thu?t th?c hi?n v c?ng ?ng ch?nh s?a l?i ? b?n c th? truy c?p vo t?t c? cc bi vi?t trong C s? Ki?n th?c c?a chng ti b?ng nhi?u ngn ng? Tuy nhin, bi vi?t do my d?ch hoc thm chi cng ng chinh sa sau khng ph?i lc no c?ng hon h?o. Cc bi vi?t ny c th? ch?a cc sai st v? t? v?ng, c php ho?c ng? php, Microsoft khng ch?u trch nhi?m v? b?t k? s? thi?u chnh xc, sai st ho?c thi?t h?i no do vi?c d?ch sai n?i dung ho?c do ho?t ?ng s? d?ng c?a khch hng gy ra.
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