FIX: Cannot create statistics when you execute statement to create it directly or in the background in SQL Server 2014

Symptoms

Assume that you execute a statement to create statistics or execute a statement that creates statistics in the background in Microsoft SQL Server 2014. When the data values have over 15 significant decimal digits and the data distribution is not well distributed and rather dense at some thin ranges, the statistics cannot be created, and there is no error message.

Resolution

The issue was first fixed in the following cumulative update of SQL Server.

Cumulative Update 1 for SQL Server 2014 SP1

Cumulative Update 8 for SQL Server 2014

About cumulative updates for SQL Server

More Information

You can use the following code to reproduce this issue on a server that has more than four cores:
use master
go
drop database <DataBase Name>
go
create database <DataBase Name>
go
ALTER DATABASE <DataBase Name> SET AUTO_UPDATE_STATISTICS OFF
go
use <DataBase Name>;
go
create table <Table Name>
(
id decimal(19,0) NULL
)
go
declare @i int = 0
DECLARE @NewRows AS table (id decimal(19,0))
insert into @NewRows values(1234567890123456789)
while @i < 12 begin
insert into @NewRows select * from @NewRows
set @i = @i + 1
end
insert into <Table Name> select * from @NewRows
go
declare @i int = 0
DECLARE @NewRows AS table (id decimal(19,0))
insert into @NewRows values(1234567890123457691)
while @i < 16 begin
insert into @NewRows select * from @NewRows
set @i = @i + 1
end
insert into <Table Name> select * from @NewRows
go
declare @i int = 0
DECLARE @NewRows AS table (id decimal(19,0))
insert into @NewRows values(1234567890123457692)
while @i < 12 begin
insert into @NewRows select * from @NewRows
set @i = @i + 1
end
insert into <Table Name> select * from @NewRows
go
create statistics stat on <Table Name> ([id])
go
use master
go
drop database <DataBase Name>
go

Status

Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section.
Properties

Article ID: 3061685 - Last Review: Jun 22, 2015 - Revision: 1

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