Security Only Update for .NET Framework 3.5, 4.5.2, 4.6, 4.6.1, 4.6.2, 4.7, 4.7.1, 4.7.2, 4.8 for Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 (KB4556405)

Applies to: .NET Framework

Summary


A remote code execution vulnerability exists in .NET Framework software when the software fails to check the source markup of a file. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights. Exploitation of the vulnerability requires that a user open a specially crafted file with an affected version of .NET Framework. In an email attack scenario, an attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending the specially crafted file to the user and convincing the user to open the file. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how .NET Framework checks the source markup of a file.

To learn more about the vulnerabilities, go to the following Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE).

A denial of service vulnerability exists when .NET Framework improperly handles web requests. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could cause a denial of service against a .NET Framework web application. The vulnerability can be exploited remotely, without authentication. A remote unauthenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by issuing specially crafted requests to the .NET Framework application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the .NET Framework web application handles web requests.

To learn more about the vulnerabilities, go to the following Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE).

Important

  • As a reminder to advanced IT administrators, updates to .NET Framework 3.5 for Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 should only be applied on systems where .NET Framework 3.5 is present and enabled. Customers who attempt to pre-install updates to .NET Framework 3.5 to offline images that do not contain the .NET Framework 3.5 product enabled will expose these systems to failures to enable .NET Framework 3.5 after the systems are online. For more extensive information about deploying .NET Framework 3.5, see Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 Deployment Considerations.
  • All updates for Windows 8.1, Windows RT 8.1, and Windows Server 2012 R2 require that update KB 2919355 is installed. We recommend that you install update KB 2919355 on your Windows 8.1-based, Windows RT 8.1-based, or Windows Server 2012 R2-based computer so that you receive updates in the future.
  • If you install a language pack after you install this update, you must reinstall this update. Therefore, we recommend that you install any language packs that you need before you install this update. For more information, see Add language packs to Windows.

Additional information about this update


The following articles contain additional information about this update as it relates to individual product versions.
  • 4552966 Description of the Security Only Update for .NET Framework 3.5 for Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 (KB4552966)
  • 4552967 Description of the Security Only Update for .NET Framework 4.5.2 for Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 (KB4552967)
  • 4552959 Description of the Security Only Update for .NET Framework 4.6, 4.6.1, 4.6.2, 4.7, 4.7.1, 4.7.2 for Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 (KB4552959)
  • 4552962 Description of the Security Only Update for .NET Framework 4.8 for Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 (KB4552962)

Information about protection and security