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Description of Control Panel (.cpl) Files

This article was previously published under Q149648
This article describes the purpose and usage of Control Panel (.cpl)files.
Each tool in Control Panel is represented by a .cpl file in the Windows\ System folder. The .cpl files in the Windows\System folder are loadedautomatically when you start Control Panel. Note that Control Panel filesare sometimes loaded using entries in the [MMCPL] section of theControl.ini file.

The following table lists the most common .cpl files, including all the.cpl files included with Windows:

File name      Purpose-----------------------------------------------------------------------Access.cpl     Accessibility propertiesAppwiz.cpl     Add/Remove Programs propertiesDesk.cpl       Display propertiesFindFast.cpl   FindFast (included with Microsoft Office for Windows 95)Inetcpl.cpl    Internet propertiesIntl.cpl       Regional Settings propertiesJoy.cpl        Joystick propertiesMain.cpl       Mouse, Fonts, Keyboard, and Printers propertiesMlcfg32.cpl    Microsoft Exchange or Windows Messaging propertiesMmsys.cpl      Multimedia propertiesModem.cpl      Modem propertiesNetcpl.cpl     Network propertiesOdbccp32.cpl   Data Sources (32-bit ODBC, included w/ Microsoft Office)Password.cpl   Password propertiesSticpl.cpl     Scanners and Cameras propertiesSysdm.cpl      System properties and Add New Hardware wizardThemes.cpl     Desktop Themes TimeDate.cpl   Date/Time propertiesWgpocpl.cpl    Microsoft Mail Post Office				
Note that in Windows 98, the Desk.cpl file is named Deskw95.cpl in thecompressed cabinet (.cab) file. The file is renamed to Desk.cpl in theWindows\System folder.

Third-party software and hardware manufacturers can add Control Panelicons to provide an interface for setting configuration options for theirproducts. An icon appears in Control Panel when the .cpl file is placed inthe Windows\System folder by the program's Setup tool.

You can create a shortcut to a Control Panel tool by dragging an icon fromControl Panel to the desktop or another location, or by manually creatinga shortcut and specifying the path to a .cpl file.

Note that the Sounds tool does not have its own .cpl file; it uses the Mmsys.cpl file. To create a shortcut to the Sounds tool, use the command line control mmsys.cpl sounds.

Article ID: 149648 - Last Review: 05/07/2007 21:41:38 - Revision: 1.4

  • Microsoft Windows 98 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Plus! 95 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows 95
  • Microsoft Windows Millennium Edition
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