This article describes the command-line switches that can be used to start Word and their purpose. Some of these switches are also described in Word Help.
For more information about startup switches, click Microsoft Word Help on the Help menu, type control what happens when you start word in the Office Assistant or the Answer Wizard, and then click Search to view the topics returned.
To use a command-line switch to start Word, use one of the following methods.
Method 1: Use the Run command
Click Start, and then click Run.
Locate the Office folder, click the Winword.exe file, and then click Open. The Winword.exe file is located in the following folder by default:
Microsoft Office Word 2010
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office14
Microsoft Office Word 2007
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office12
Microsoft Office Word 2003
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office11
Microsoft Word 2002
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office10
Microsoft Word 2000
C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office
Note The path to Winword.exe is enclosed in quotation marks.
Click in the Open box, and then reposition the insertion point outside of (to the right of) the closing quotation mark at the end of the path statement.
Type a space, followed by the switch that you want to use.
For example, if you want to start Word and prevent the loading of add-ins and global templates, type the following in the Open box, including the quotation marks:
In the Select a name for the shortcut box, type the name of your new shortcut, and then click Finish.
If you put the switch inside the closing quotation mark and then click OK, you receive one of the following error messages:
Cannot find the file 'C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office\Winword.exe /a' (or one of its components). Make sure the path and filename are correct and that all required libraries are available.
Windows cannot find 'D:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office10\WINWORD.EXE /a'. Make sure you typed the name correctly, and then try again. To search for a file, click the Start button, and then click Search.
If you specify a path or file name that contains spaces after a switch, enclose the path in quotation marks. For example, if you want to start Word and automatically create a document based on the Contemporary Fax template, the switch should look similar to the following:
The following Word startup (command-line) switches are listed in Word Help.
To do this
Starts Word and prevents add-ins and global templates (including the Normal template) from being loaded automatically.
The /a switch also locks the setting files; that is, the setting files cannot be read or modified if you use this switch.
Starts Word and then loads a specific Word add-in.
Starts a new instance of Word without running any AutoExec macros.
Starts Word and then runs a specific macro. The /m switch also prevents Word from running any AutoExec macros.
Starts a new instance of Word with no document open. Documents opened in each instance of Word will not appear as choices in the Window menu of other instances.
Starts Word in Safe Mode.
Starts Word with a new document based on a template other than the Normal template.
Starts a new instance of Word with a blank document. Documents opened in each instance of Word will not appear as choices in the Window menu of the other instances.
A new Word window is opened with a blank document using the existing instance of the Word program.
The following Word startup (command-line) switches are not listed in Word Help.
To do this
Starts a new instance of Word and then invokes NetMeeting.
Starts Word without displaying the Word splash screen.
Starts Word, starts Setup, makes changes in the Windows registry, and then quits. This switch forces a re-register of Word in the Windows registry.
Has no effect and does not start Word.
Starts a new instance of Word from the operating shell (for example, to print in Word). This instance of Word responds to only one DDE request and ignores all other DDE requests and multi-instances. If you are starting a new instance of Word in the operating environment (for example, in Windows), it is recommended that you use the /w switch, which starts a fully functioning instance.
This is similar to the /t switch. However, this switch raises the New event. For example: winword.exe /z mytemplate.dot. For more information, visit the following MSDN Web site:
Starts a new instance of Word. For example, if you start Word with just the / and no switch, or with any unlisted switch combination, Word just starts a new instance of Word with a new blank document.
The following Word startup (command-line) switch is listed in Word 2000 Help but not listed in Word 2002 or Word 2003 Help.
To do this
Starts Word and then opens the specified file on the Most Recently Used (MRU) list on the File menu.
The following Word startup (command-line) switches are for Word 2007 and for Word 2010.
To do this
Starts Word with a new document based on an existing file.
/h http:// file_name
Starts Word and opens a read-only copy of a document that is stored on a Microsoft Windows SharePoint Services site. The site must be on a computer that is running Microsoft Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 or Windows SharePoint Services 2.0.
Starts Word and opens an existing file.
Starts Word and opens an existing XML document based on the specified Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformation (XSLT). Note XSLT: A file that 'used to transform XML documents into other types of documents, such as HTML or XML. It is designed for use as part of XSL.
For more information about how to use startup command-line switches to start Word 2007, go to the following Microsoft website: