In Microsoft Excel, you can create a Microsoft Visual Basic forApplications (VBA) macro that suppresses the "Save Changes" prompt when youclose a workbook. You can do this either by specifying the state of theworkbook's Saved property or by suppressing all alerts for the workbook.
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To use either of the following examples, follow these steps:
- Start Excel and open a new workbook.
- Press ALT+F11 to start the Visual Basic editor.
- On the Insert menu, click Module.
- Type the sample macro code into the module sheet.
- Press ALT+F11 to return to Excel.
- In Microsoft Office Excel 2003 and in earlier versions of Excel, point to Macro on the Tools menu, and then click Macros.
In Microsoft Office Excel 2007, click Macros in the Code group on the Developer tab.
Note If the Developer tab is not available, consider the following steps:
- Click the Microsoft Office Button, and then click Excel Options.
- In the Popular category, under Top options for working with Excel, click to select the Show Developer tab in the Ribbon check box, and then click OK.
- Select the macro that you want, and then click Run.
property returns the value False
if changes have been made to a workbook since it was last saved.
You can use the reserved subroutine name "Auto_Close" to specify a macrothat should run whenever a workbook is closed. By doing this, you cancontrol how the document is handled when the user is finished and hasinstructed Excel to close the document.
Example 1: Close the workbook without saving changes
To force a workbook to close without saving any changes, type the followingcode in a Visual Basic module of that workbook:
Sub Auto_Close() ThisWorkbook.Saved = TrueEnd Sub
Because the Saved
property is set to True
, Excel responds as though the workbook has already been saved and no changes have occurred since that last save.
property of the program can be used for the same purpose. For example, the following macro turns DisplayAlerts
off, closes the active workbook without saving changes, and then turns DisplayAlerts
Sub CloseBook() Application.DisplayAlerts = False ActiveWorkbook.Close Application.DisplayAlerts = TrueEnd Sub
You can also use the SaveChanges
argument of the Close
The following macro closes the workbook without saving changes:
Sub CloseBook2() ActiveWorkbook.Close savechanges:=FalseEnd Sub
Example 2: Close the workbook and save the changes
To force a workbook to save changes, type the following code in a Visual Basic module of that workbook:
Sub Auto_Close() If ThisWorkbook.Saved = False Then ThisWorkbook.Save End IfEnd Sub
This subprocedure checks to see if the file's Saved
property is set to False
. If so, the workbook has been changed since the last save, and those changes are saved.