When you install an update for the Microsoft .NET Framework 4, the Native Image Generator (NGen.exe) uses a high percentage of the CPU cycles on the computer for a long time. This time varies with how many Native Images are installed on the computer.
Updates to the .NET Framework 4 require a complete regeneration of the Native Image Cache, a very time-consuming operation. For some computers, an interaction with previously installed Native Images may cause Native Image regeneration to take much longer than expected. Although this issue only affects setup times, the effect can be several minutes to tens of minutes. Computers that have more Native Images installed will see longer generation times.