Some Microsoft software updates use Update.exe as the Setup program. Update.exe version 184.108.40.206 and later versions require that the user who installs the software update is an administrator with certain user rights. This article lists those user rights requirements. If a user does not have the required user rights and tries to install a software update package that uses Update.exe, they may receive the following error message:
You do not have permission to update <OS name>. Please contact your system administrator.
If the software update installation was performed in unattended mode by specifying either the /quiet or /passive command-line switches, this error message is displayed in the installation log. By default, the installation log is located at %systemroot%/KB######.log, where ###### is the number of the Microsoft Knowledge Base article for the fix that was applied.
To determine whether a software update uses Update.exe as the Setup program for packages released after July 2004, examine the Installer Engine value on the Version tab of the Properties dialog box for the software update package. For packages released before July 2004, you must extract the package contents to determine which installer is used and what version it is. For additional information about how to do this, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
832475 Description of the new features in the package installer for Windows software updates
The following table lists the user rights required by Update.exe.
Group Policy Object Display Name
Required by Update.exe
Back up files and directories
You must have this user right to perform backup operations.
Restore files and directories
You must have this user right to perform restore operations. This user right lets you set any valid user or group security identifier (SID) as the owner of an object.
Manage auditing and security log
You must have this user right to perform many security-related functions, such as controlling and viewing audit messages. This user right identifies its holder as a security operator.
Take ownership of files or other objects
You must have this user right to take ownership of an object without being granted discretionary access. This user right allows for the owner value to be set only to those values that the holder may legitimately assign as the owner of an object.
Shutdown the system
You must have this user right to shut down the computer. Some software updates require that the computer be restarted. If this user right is not available, the software update installation will complete, and the user will have to contact an administrator with that user right to restart the computer, if it is required.
You must have this user right to debug a process. Update.exe versions earlier than 220.127.116.11 may require that administrators have this user right to successfully install software updates. Hotpatching technology, also known as in-memory patching, is scheduled for delivery with Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1 (SP1) and will be available for some updates. You must have the Debug programs user right to use hotpatching.For additional information about patch and update management, visit the following Microsoft Web site: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc768045.aspx
For additional information about earlier versions of Update.exe and Debug programs that require that administrators have rights, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
830846 Windows Product Updates may stop responding or may use most or all the CPU resources
To determine the missing user right, examine the installation log file. The installation log file contains the following similar error messages:
2.744: d:\aab949b8ae7e35434dde6b\update\update.exe (version X.X.X.X) 2.744: Failed To Enable SE_SECURITY_PRIVILEGE 2.754: Setup encountered an error: You do not have permission to update OS_name. Please contact your system administrator. 2.764: You do not have permission to update OS_name.
Note OS_name represents the operating system name. SE_SECURITY_PRIVILEGE represents the missing user right. X.X.X.X represents the version number.
To view and modify user rights, follow these steps:
Start the Group Policy Editor in either your local or your domain environment. For more information about how to do this, visit the following Microsoft Web site:
Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition, Microsoft Windows XP Professional, Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86), Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86), Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86), Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise x64 Edition, Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Web Edition, Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server, Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition, Microsoft Windows 2000 Server, Microsoft Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005 Update Rollup 2, Microsoft Windows XP Tablet PC Edition, Microsoft Security Essentials