Applies to

CheckBox Object

OptionGroup Object

ComboBox Object

TextBox Object

ListBox Object

ToggleButton Object

OptionButton Object

Specifies a String value that is automatically entered in a field when a new record is created. For example, in an Addresses table you can set the default value for the City field to New York. When users add a record to the table, they can either accept this value or enter the name of a different city. Read/write.


expression Required. An expression that returns one of the objects in the Applies To list.


  • The DefaultValue property doesn't apply to check box, option button, or toggle button controls when they are in an option group. It does however apply to the option group itself.

  • The DefaultValue property applies to all table fields except those fields with the data type of AutoNumber or OLE Object.

The DefaultValue property specifies text or an expression that's automatically entered in a control or field when a new record is created. For example, if you set the DefaultValue property for a text box control to =Now(), the control displays the current date and time. The maximum length for a DefaultValue property setting is 255 characters.

For a control, you can set this property in the control's property sheet. For a field, you can set this property in table Design view (in the Field Properties section), in a macro , or by using Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) code.

In VBA code, use a string expression to set the value of this property. For example, the following code sets the DefaultValue property for a text box control named PaymentMethod to "Cash":

Forms!frmInvoice!PaymentMethod.DefaultValue = """Cash"""

Note: To set this property for a field by using VBA code, use the ADO DefaultValue property or the DAO DefaultValue property.

The DefaultValue property is applied only when you add a new record. If you change the DefaultValue property, the change isn't automatically applied to existing records.

If you set the DefaultValue property for a form control that's bound to a field that also has a DefaultValue property setting defined in the table, the control setting overrides the table setting.

If you create a control by dragging a field from the field list, the field's DefaultValue property setting, as defined in the table, is applied to the control on the form although the control's DefaultValue property setting will remain blank.

One control can provide the default value for another control. For example, if you set the DefaultValue property for a control to the following expression, the control's default value is set to the DefaultValue property setting for the txtShipTo control.


If the controls are on the same form, the control that is the source of the default value must appear earlier in the tab order than the control containing the expression.

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