Sign in with Microsoft
Sign in or create an account.
Select a different account.
You have multiple accounts
Choose the account you want to sign in with.

The RD (Referenced Document) field identifies a file to include when you create a table of contents, a table of authorities, or an index with the TOC, TOA, or Index field. You must manually set starting page numbers and sequence values in files named in RD fields before updating the TOC, TOA, or Index field. The RD field doesn't display a result in the document. You cannot unlink an RD field.

The RD field is formatted as hidden text. To view this field, click Show/Hide Paragraph mark Button image.

Security Note: Because content that is formatted as hidden text can easily be made visible, do not use hidden text formatting to keep sensitive information private.

Note: RD fields that reference a series of files must be in the same order as the files in the final document. For example, files Chap1 and Chap2 both have an index entry for "apricot" on the first page. The first page number in Chap1 is 1, and the first page number in Chap2 is 100.

  • The sequence {RD Chap2}{RD Chap1} results in the index query "apricot 100, 1".

  • The sequence {RD Chap1}{RD Chap2} results in the index query "apricot 1, 100".


When you view the RD field in your document, the syntax looks like this:

{ RD "FileName"}

Note: A field code tells the field what to show. Field results are what’s shown in the document after having evaluated the field code. To toggle between viewing the field code and the field code results, press Alt+F9.



File to include when generating a table of contents, table of authorities, or index. If the location includes a long file name with spaces, enclose it in quotation marks. Replace single backslashes with double backslashes to specify the path, for example:

"C:\\My Documents\\Manual.doc"



Indicates that the path is relative to the current document.


The following fields inserted into one document create a table of contents that includes entries from the three referenced documents:

{ TOC }
RD C:\\Manual\\Chapters\\Chapter1.doc }
RD C:\\Manual\\Chapters\\Chapter2.doc }
RD C:\\Manual\\Chapters\\Chapter3.doc }

Need more help?

Expand your skills


Get new features first


Was this information helpful?

What affected your experience?

Thank you for your feedback!