Returns the quartile of a data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, inclusive.

Quartiles often are used in sales and survey data to divide populations into groups. For example, you can use QUARTILE.INC to find the top 25 percent of incomes in a population.

## Syntax

QUARTILE.INC(array,quart)

The QUARTILE.INC function syntax has the following arguments:

• Array     Required. The array or cell range of numeric values for which you want the quartile value.

• Quart     Required. Indicates which value to return.

## Parameters

 If quart equals QUARTILE.INC returns 0 Minimum value 1 First quartile (25th percentile) 2 Median value (50th percentile) 3 Third quartile (75th percentile) 4 Maximum value

## Remarks

• If array is empty, QUARTILE.INC returns the #NUM! error value.

• If quart is not an integer, it is truncated.

• If quart < 0 or if quart > 4, QUARTILE.INC returns the #NUM! error value.

• MIN, MEDIAN, and MAX return the same value as QUARTILE.INC when quart is equal to 0 (zero), 2, and 4, respectively.

## Example

Copy the example data in the following table, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. For formulas to show results, select them, press F2, and then press Enter. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.

 Data 1 2 4 7 8 9 10 12 Formula Description (Result) R esult =QUARTILE.INC(A2:A9,1) First quartile (25th percentile) of the data above (3.5) 3.5

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