This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the QUOTIENT function in Microsoft Excel.

Tip: If you want to divide numeric values, you should use the "/" operator as there isn't a DIVIDE function in Excel. For example, to divide 5 by 2, you would type =5/2 into a cell, which returns 2.5. The QUOTIENT function for these same numbers =QUOTIENT(5,2) returns 2, since QUOTIENT doesn't return a remainder. For other ways to divide numbers, see Multiply and divide numbers.


Returns the integer portion of a division. Use this function when you want to discard the remainder of a division.


QUOTIENT(numerator, denominator)

The QUOTIENT function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Numerator    Required. The dividend.

  • Denominator    Required. The divisor.


If either argument is nonnumeric, QUOTIENT returns the #VALUE! error value.


Copy the example data in the following table, and paste it in cell A1 of a new Excel worksheet. To toggle between viewing the formulas and the results, press F2. If you need to, you can adjust the column widths to see all the data.





Integer portion of 5/2


=QUOTIENT(4.5, 3.1)

Integer portion of 4.5/3.1


=QUOTIENT(-10, 3)

Integer portion of -10/3


See Also

PRODUCT function

Multiply and divide numbers in Excel

Calculate percentages

Quick Start: Format numbers in a worksheet

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