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Consider the following scenario:

  • You create a publication of the type Merge Replication (Web Synchronization).

  • You configure this publication to use a Microsoft COM-based resolver for resolving conflicts.

  • You create a subscription for the publication.

In this scenario, the sychronization fails, and you receive the following error message:

Source: Merge Process(Web Sync Client)
Number: -2147198716
Message: The process could not initialize '<Resolver Name>'. Verify that the component is registered correctly.


The issue was first fixed in the following cumulative updates of SQL Server:

Each new cumulative update for SQL Server contains all the hotfixes and all the security fixes that were included with the previous cumulative update. We recommend that you download and install the latest cumulative updates for SQL Server:


Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section.

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