A "Non-yielding Scheduler" condition may occur when you change the BUCKET_COUNT value for a large memory-optimized table in Microsoft SQL Server 2016.
This fix is included in Cumulative Update 4 for SQL Server 2016 Service Pack 1.
About SQL Server 2016 builds
Each new build for SQL Server 2016 contains all the hotfixes and security fixes that were included in the previous build. We recommend that you install the latest build for SQL Server 2016.
Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section.
Learn about the terminology that Microsoft uses to describe software updates.