When you use Microsoft SQL Server 2014 or 2016, you may experience an access violation exception during the compilation of a query which references a table with filtered indexes or filtered statistics.
This issue occurs because the query optimizer cannot acquire a Schema-Stability Lock on the table while other queries are accessing the table.
Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section.
This issue is fixed in the following cumulative updates for SQL Server:
About Service Packs for SQL Server
Service packs are cumulative. Each new service pack contains all the fixes that are in previous service packs, together with any new fixes. Our recommendation is to apply the latest service pack and the latest cumulative update for that service pack. You do not have to install a previous service pack before you install the latest service pack. Use Table 1 in the following article for finding more information about the latest service pack and latest cumulative update.
Learn about the terminology that Microsoft uses to describe software updates.