In Microsoft SQL Server 2019, you can't use the system stored procedures such as sp_data_source_table_columns and sp_data_source_objects to reflect metadata if you use the generic ODBC connector.
This issue is fixed in the following cumulative update for SQL Server:
Each new cumulative update for SQL Server contains all the hotfixes and security fixes that were in the previous build. We recommend that you install the latest build for your version of SQL Server:
Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section.
Learn about the terminology that Microsoft uses to describe software updates.