???? ID: 229716 - ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??.
?? ???? ?? Microsoft Windows XP ??????? ?? ???, ?????314058.
?????
This article applies to Windows 2000.Support for Windows 2000 ends on July 13, 2010.TheWindows 2000 End-of-Support Solution CenterWindows 2000 ?? ???? ????????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ?????Microsoft ?????? Lifecycle ????.
??? ?? ??????? ???? | ??? ?? ??????? ????

?? ????? ??

??????

?? ???? ????? ?? ?? Windows ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????? ??? The Windows Recovery Console is designed to help you recover when your Windows-based computer does not start properly or does not start at all.

???? ???????

When you use the Windows Recovery Console, you can obtain limited access to NTFS, FAT, and FAT32 volumes without starting the Windows graphical interface. In the Windows Recovery Console you can:
  • ?? ?????, ?????????, ?? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????????? ?? ??????
  • ????? ????, ?? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ?????
  • ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? (MBR) ?? ????????
  • ????? ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????
????? ??? ?? ???? ?????????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? Windows ?????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?? ???? NTFS ??????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???

Windows ?????? ????? ??????? ????

Windows ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ???, ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ?????:
  • Windows ????? ?????? ????? ?? ?? Windows CD-ROM ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??????? ????? "????? ??? ?????? ??" ???????, F10 ?????, ?? ?????, ?? ???? ??? C (Windows 2000 ????) ????? ???? ?? ??? R ????? ?? Windows ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ????????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ?? Windows ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ????, ?? ???? ??? ?????????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ??? ?????????? ??????? ????? ???? ??, ???? ENTER ??????
  • Windows ????????? ??????? ?? ??? Windows ?????? ????? ?? ??? Winnt32.exe ?? ????? ?? ??????/cmdcons?????. ?? ????????? ?? ??? ???? 7 MB ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?? Cmdcons ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???

    ???:: ??? ?? mirroring ?????????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???, ????? ????? ???? ?? Microsoft ???????? ??? ?????:
    229077Mirroring ????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? Pre-Installing
  • ????? ???? ?? Microsoft ???????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ????:
    222478?????? ?? ??? ??? ???????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ????

???? ????? ?? ????? ????

Windows ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ??:
Windows NT(TM) ??? ????? ????? ???????????

???????::

????? ???????????? ?? ??? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ??? Windows ?? ???????????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ?? ????? ??????-????????? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????

'????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ' ???? ???? ??????

1: C:\WINNT

?? ???-?? Windows ??????? (?????? ???? ?? ??? ????) ???? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????????
?? ?? ??????? Windows ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ????, ?????????? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ???, Windows ?????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??, SAM ??????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ??, ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?? ?????????? Windows ?????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ???? Windows ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ??, ?? ??? ?????exit???? ???????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ????

???????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??????

Windows ?????? ????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???:
  • ??? ???????
  • % SystemRoot % ??????? ?? ????????? ?? Windows ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ??
  • Cmdcons ???????
  • ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ?? CD-ROM ?????? ????????
???:: ??? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ????, ???? ?? "????? ????????" ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ??, ?? ?? Windows ?????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???, ?? ???? ???? ????? ?? ????????? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?? ????????? ???? ?????? ????? ?? CD-ROM ?? ????? ????? ?? ?? ?? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??????

?????? ????

???

??????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ???????:
attrib       delete        fixboot    md        type
cd           dir           fixmbr     mkdir     systemroot
chdir        disable       format     more
chkdsk       diskpart      help       rd
cls          enable        listsvc    ren
copy         exit          logon      rename
del          expand        map        rmdir
						

ATTRIB

?????attribcommand with any of the following parameters to change attributes of a file or folder:
-R
+ R
-S
+ S
-H
+ H

+ Sets an attribute.
- Resets an attribute.
R Read-Only file attribute.
S System file attribute.
H Hidden file attribute.
???:: At least one attribute must be set or cleared. ????????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ????dir?????

CD and CHDIR

?????CD, ??chdircommands to change the folder. If you typecd .., you specify that you want to change to the parent folder. ??????:cd drive:to display the current folder in the specified drive. ??????:CDwithout parameters to display the current drive and folder. Thechdircommand treats spaces as delimiters. Because of this, you must enclose a subfolder name that contains a space with quotation marks, for example:
cd "\winnt\profiles\username\programs\start menu"
Thechdircommand only operates within the system folders of the current installation of Windows, removable media, the root folder of any hard disk partition, or the local installation sources.

CHKDSK

Chkdsk:??????/p /r
This command (where??????specifies the drive to check) checks the drive, and if needed, repairs or recovers the drive. It also marks bad sectors and recovers readable information.

The/pswitch instructs CHKDSK to do an exhaustive check of the drive even if the drive is not marked with problems, and then corrects any errors that are found. The/rswitch locates bad sectors and recovers readable information. Note that if you specify the/rswitch, the/pswitch is implied. TheChkdsk:command may be specified without arguments, in which case the current drive is implied with no switches. Optionally, the listed switches are accepted. TheChkdsk:command requires the Autochk.exe file. Chkdsk automatically locates this file in the bootup folder. ??????????, ?? ?????? ?? Cmdcons ??????? ??? ???? ????? pre-installed ??? ??? ??? ??????? bootup ?????? ??? ???? ??? ????, Chkdsk Windows CD-ROM ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??, ?? Chkdsk Autochk.exe ????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???

cls

??????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?????

?????????

????????????????????
?? ???? ?? ????? ???? (?????????????? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ?? ????????? ???? ?? ?????????? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ????????? ???? ??) ???? ????? ?? ????????? ????? ?? ???? ????????????? ?? ?????? ?? ????????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? A compressed file from the Windows CD-ROM is automatically decompressed as it is copied.

?????????is not specified, it defaults to the current folder. If the file already exists, you are prompted to overwrite it.

DEL and DELETE

del??????:??FileName
delete??????:??FileName
Use this commmand (where??????:??FileNamespecifies the file to delete) to delete a file. Thedeletecommand only operates within the system folders of the current Windows installation, removable media, the root folder of any hard disk partition, or the local installation sources. Thedeletecommand does not accept wild card (*) characters.

DIR

dir??????:??FileName
?? ???? ?? ????? ???? (??????????:??FileNamespecifies drive, folder, and files to list) to display a list of files and subfolders in a folder. Thedircommand lists all files including hidden and system files. Files may have the following attributes:
D - Directory       R - Read-only file
H - Hidden file     A - Files ready for archiving
S - System file     C - Compressed
E - Encrypted       P - Reparse Point
					
Thedircommand only operates within the system folders of the current Windows installation, removable media, the root folder of any hard disk partition, or the local installation sources.

DISABLE

disableservicename
?? ???? ?? ????? ???? (????servicenamespecifies the name of the service or driver to be disabled) to disable a Windows system service or driver.

?????listsvccommand to display all eligible services or drivers to disable. Thedisablecommand prints the old start type of the service before resetting it to SERVICE_DISABLED. Because of this, you should record the old start type in case it is necessary to re-enable the service.

The start_type values that thedisablecommand displays are:
SERVICE_DISABLED
SERVICE_BOOT_START
SERVICE_SYSTEM_START
SERVICE_AUTO_START
SERVICE_DEMAND_START

DISKPART

diskpart/ ??????/DELETEdevice_namedrive_namepartition_name????
???? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?????
  • / ??????: ?? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ???
  • /DELETE: ???? ?????? ???????? ????? ???
  • device_name: ?????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ?? MAP ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ???:\Device\HardDisk0.
  • drive_name: ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??????-?????% D:
  • partition_name: ??? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????????-?????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ???: \Device\HardDisk0\Partition1.
  • ????: ?????????? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ???
???:: ??? ??? ???? ????? ???? ???? ??, ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ???? ???

???????:: ??? ??? ???????? ????? ??????????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ???? ??????????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????? ? ?????

?????? ????

?????? ????servicenamestart_type

?? ????? ?? ???? ????????? ????(???? ????servicename????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??) ???? Windows ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ????

?????listsvccommand to display all eligible services or drivers to enable. The?????? ????command prints the old start type of the service before resetting it to the new value. You should note the old value, in case it is necessary to restore the start type of the service.

Validstart_typeare:
SERVICE_BOOT_START
SERVICE_SYSTEM_START
SERVICE_AUTO_START
SERVICE_DEMAND_START
???:: If you do not specify a new start type, the?????? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???

exit

?????exitcommand to quit the Command Console and restart your computer.

??????? ????

expand source [/F:filespec] [destination] [/y]
expand source [/F:filespec] /D
Use this command (where???????????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ?? ?????????? ????? ?? ??? ?????????? ????????? ???? ??) ???? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ????

???:: ?? ????????????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???
???????????? ????????? ???? ??, ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? defaults.

??????:
  • /y: ???? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?????
  • /f:filespec: ??? ????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ????? ??, ?? ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ????????????? ????? ?? ???? ???
  • /d: ???? ???? ?? ??????? ????; ???? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ?? ?????????? ????????? ?????
?????? ?? ??????? Windows ??????? ?????? ??????????, ??????, ??????? ??????? ????? ?? Cmdcons ??????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ?????????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ????-????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?????attrib???? ????-??? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???

??????? ?????????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?? ?? ????? ???? ?? ?? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??/y.

FIXBOOT

fixboot?????? ?? ???:
?? ???? ?? ????? ???? (?????????? ?? ????????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??) ??? ???????? ?? ?? Windows ??? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ???? Windows ??? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ????? ????????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ???

FIXMBR

fixmbr?????? ?? ???
?? ???? ?? ????? ???? (?????????? ?? ????????? ?? ??? ??? MBR ?? ???????? ?? ?? ?? ????? ?? ?? ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ??) ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? (MBR) ?? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ??? ????? MBR ??????????? ?? ?? Windows ??????? ???? ?? ???? ???

???????:: ?? ???? ?? potential ??? ??? ????? ????? ?? ?? ??? ????????? ?????? ????? ??, ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ??????????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?? ???? ????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ??? Microsoft ???? ?????? ???

??? ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ?? ???????????? ??? ?? ????? ??? ??, ?? ??? ?????? ?? MBR ?? ???????, ?????? ?? ???:
fixmbr \device\harddisk2
??? Fixmbr ??? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ????????? ?? ??? ????? ??, ?? ???? MBR rewriting ???? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????

??????

????????????:/Q/FS:file-??????
?? ???? ?? ????? ???? (????/Qperforms a quick format of the drive,??????is the drive letter of the partition to format/FS:file-systemspecifies the type of file system to use [FAT, FAT32, or NTFS]) to format the specified drive to the specified file system.

If a file system is not specified, the existing file system format is used, when available.

LISTSVC

Thelistsvccommand lists all available services, drivers, and their start types for the current Windows installation. This command may be useful when using thedisable, ???????? ????commands.

???:: These are extracted from the %SystemRoot%\System32\Config\SYSTEM hive. If the SYSTEM hive become damaged or missing, unpredictable results may occur.

LOGON

?????
The?????command lists all detected installations of Windows, and then requests the local administrator password for the copy of Windows you chose to log on to. If more than three attempts to logon do not succeed, the console quits and your computer restarts.

???

??????
Use this command (where the??????????? ???? ?????command to use ARC paths instead of Windows Device paths) to list drive letters, file system types, partition sizes and mappings to physical devices.

MD ?? MKDIR

Themd??,mkdircommands create new folders. Wildcard characters are not supported. Themkdircommand only operates within the system folders of the current installation of Windows, removable media, the root folder of any hard disk partition, or the local installation sources.

MORE

moreFileName
Use this command to display a text file to the screen.

RD ?? RMDIR

TheRD, ??rmdircommands delete a folder. These commands only operate within the system folders of the current Windows installation, removable media, the root folder of any hard disk partition, or the local installation sources.

REN ?? ?? ??? ?????

TheREN, ????? ?????commands can rename a file. Note that you cannot specify a new drive or path for your destination file. These commands only operate within the system folders of the current Windows installation, removable media, the root folder of any hard disk partition, or the local installation sources.

set

Thesetcommand allows you to display or modify four environment options.
AllowWildCards FALSE AllowAllPaths = FALSE AllowRemovableMedia = FALSE NoCopyPrompt = = FALSE

SYSTEMROOT

Thesystemrootcommand sets the current working folder to the %SystemRoot% folder of the Windows installation you are currently logged on to.

??????:

typeFileName
Thetypecommand displays a text file.

???

???? ID: 229716 - ????? ???????: 29 ??????? 2010 - ??????: 4.0
???? ???? ???? ??:
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
??????: 
kbinfo kbmt KB229716 KbMthi
???? ?????? ????????
??????????: ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??. Microsoft ???? ??? ????-???????? ?? ????-???????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??. ???????, ????-???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???. ?????, ????????, ?????-???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???, ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??. Microsoft ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????, ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??. Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ??.
?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??:229716

??????????? ???

 

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