Article ID: 289022 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q289022
This article describes how to view and manually configure the Boot.ini file in Windows XP from within the Startup and Recovery dialog.
In Windows XP, you can quickly and easily locate the Boot.ini to verify and/or edit the file.
It is suggested to backup the Boot.ini file before editing. The first tasks will involve modifying folder option so as to view hidden files and then backing up the Boot.ini file.
Save a Backup Copy of Boot.ini
Edit the Boot.ini FileTo view and edit the Boot.ini file:
Sample Boot.ini FileThis is a sample of a default Boot.ini file from a Windows XP Professional computer.
[boot loader]This is a sample of the above Boot.ini file with a previous installation of Windows 2000 on a separate partition.
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Microsoft Windows XP Professional" /fastdetect
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Windows XP Professional" /fastdetect
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(2)\WINNT="Windows 2000 Professional" /fastdetect
Modifying the Boot.iniWhile you can modify the Boot.ini file using the Startup and Recovery dialog, where you can select the default operating system, change the timeout value, or manually edit the file, the following method uses the command line utility, Bootcfg.exe.
Note The Bootcfg.exe utility is only available in Windows XP Professional. This utility is not available in Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition. Therefore, this section does not apply to Windows XP Home Edition.
Adding an Operating SystemAt the command prompt, type:
bootcfg /copy /d Operating System Description /ID#Where Operating System Description is a text description (e.g. Windows XP Home Edition), and where # specifies the boot entry ID in the operating systems section of the BOOT.INI file from which the copy has to be made.
Removing an Operating SystemAt the command prompt, type:
bootcfg /delete /ID#Where # specifies the boot entry ID that you want to be deleted from the operating systems section of the BOOT.INI file (e.g. 2 for the second Operating system that is listed.
Setting the Default Operating SystemAt the command prompt, type:
bootcfg /default /ID#Where # specifies the boot entry id in the operating systems section of the BOOT.INI file to be made the default operating system.
Setting the Time OutAt the command prompt, type: bootcfg /timeout# Where # specifies the time in seconds after which default operating system will be loaded.
Open the Boot.ini File to Verify Changes
For additional information about this topic, click one of the following links:
Safe-Mode Boot Switches for Windows 2000 Boot.ini File
How to Set Up a Remote Debug Session Using a Modem
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