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Multicasts with a TTL Setting of Zero Are Transmitted on the Network
Article ID: 311935 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q311935
When you have a program that sends IP multicasts with a time-to-live (TTL) setting of 0 (zero) to communicate with other local programs, multicasts with a TTL setting of 0 are not supposed to be transmitted on the network. Instead, they are only supposed to be looped back to other programs in the local computer. However, IP multicasts with a TTL setting of 0 may be transmitted on the network. This may cause the network to become overloaded. This problem was partially addressed by the hotfix that is described in the following Microsoft Knowledge Base article:
301453The Q301453 hotfix prevents transmission of multicasts with a TTL of 0 on LAN connections. However, after you apply the hotfix from Q301453, IP multicasts with a TTL setting of 0 may still be transmitted over a RAS connection.
(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/301453/EN-US/ )Multicast Packets with a TTL Setting of 0 Are Transmitted by the Windows 2000 TCP/IP Stack and the Windows XP TCP/IP Stack
The TCP/IP stack was not handling IP multicasts correctly and was transmitting the last fragment of each multicast datagram on the network. The hotfixes from Q301453 corrected this problem, and modified TCP/IP to inform lower layers not to transmit multicasts with a TTL of 0. However, this hotfix only cured the problem on LAN links. Even with this hotfix in place, NDISWAN was ignoring this new information that was passed to it by TCP/IP, and was still transmitting multicasts with a TTL of 0 on RAS links.
Windows XPTo resolve this problem, obtain the latest service pack for Windows XP. For additional information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
322389The English version of this fix for Windows XP should have the following file attributes or later:
(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/322389/EN-US/ )How to Obtain the Latest Windows XP Service Pack
Date Time Version Size File name ----------------------------------------------------------- 28-Nov-2001 15:38 5.1.2600.21 87,296 Ndiswan.sys 02-Nov-2001 16:50 5.1.2600.17 3,584 Spmsg.dll 08-Nov-2001 13:56 5.1.2600.19 38,912 Spuninst.exe
Windows 2000To resolve this problem, obtain the latest service pack for Windows 2000. For additional information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
260910The English version of this fix for Windows 2000 has the file attributes (or later) that are listed in the following table. The dates and times for these files are listed in coordinated universal time (UTC). When you view the file information, it is converted to local time. To find the difference between UTC and local time, use the Time Zone tab in the Date and Time tool in Control Panel.
(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/260910/EN-US/ )How to Obtain the Latest Windows 2000 Service Pack
Date Time Version Size File name -------------------------------------------------------- 19-Nov-2001 16:42 5.0.2195.4667 118,896 Afd.sys 08-May-2002 12:20 5.0.2195.4874 105,232 Msafd.dll 22-Mar-2002 12:18 5.0.2195.5241 89,712 Ndiswan.sys 19-Apr-2002 17:45 188.8.131.52 3,584 Spmsg.dll 19-Apr-2002 17:46 184.108.40.206 44,032 Spuninst.exe 12-Jun-2001 22:05 5.0.2195.3727 3,856 Svcpack1.dll 06-Apr-2002 16:50 5.0.2195.5542 313,168 Tcpip.sys 30-Jul-2001 20:15 5.0.2195.3988 16,240 Tdi.sys 08-May-2002 12:20 5.0.2195.4874 17,680 Wshtcpip.dll 22-Mar-2002 12:18 5.0.2195.5241 89,232 Ndiswan.sys 19-Apr-2002 17:46 220.127.116.11 10,240 Spcustom.dll
Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed at the beginning of this article. This problem was first corrected in Microsoft Windows 2000 Service Pack 3 (SP3) and Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 1 (SP1).
For additional information about how to obtain a hotfix for Windows 2000 Datacenter Server, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
265173For additional information about how to install multiple hotfixes with only one reboot, click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/265173/EN-US/ )The Datacenter Program and Windows 2000 Datacenter Server Product
(http://support.microsoft.com/kb/296861/EN-US/ )Use QChain.exe to Install Multiple Hotfixes with One Reboot
Article ID: 311935 - Last Review: January 31, 2007 - Revision: 1.5