Data Type Mapping in the Upsizing Wizard

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Article ID: 130166 - View products that this article applies to.
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SUMMARY

Field names and data types are automatically translated into SQL Server fields when a Visual FoxPro table is exported by the Upsizing Wizard. This article lists the data type mapping that occurs between Visual FoxPro and SQL when the data is exported from the Upsizing Wizard.

The information in this article is also available under many separate topics in the Visual FoxPro Help file. Search using "Upsizing Wizard."

MORE INFORMATION

Field names and data types are automatically translated into SQL Server fields when a Visual FoxPro table is exported by the Upsizing Wizard. Visual FoxPro data types map to SQL Server data types as follows:
                  Visual FoxPro   SQL Server
   Abbreviation   Data Type       Data Type
   -----------------------------------------
   C              Character       char
   Y              Currency        money
   D              Date            datetime
   T              DateTime        datetime
   B              Double          float
   F              Float           float
   G              General         image
   I              Integer         int
   L              Logical         bit
   M              Memo            text
   N              Numeric         float
   P              Picture         image
				

Expressions that Map Directly from Visual FoxPro to SQL Server

The following expressions are the same on Visual FoxPro and on SQL Server:
   CEILING()    MAX()     PADR()
   LEN()        MIN()     PROPER()
   LOG()        PADL()    STR()
				

Index Type Mapping

SQL Server and Visual FoxPro indexes are very similar. The following table shows how Visual FoxPro index types are converted to SQL Server index types:
   Visual FoxPro Index Type   SQL Server 4.x Index Type
   ----------------------------------------------------
   Primary                    Clustered Unique
   Candidate                  Unique
   Unique, Regular            Non-unique
				
The Upsizing Wizard uses Visual FoxPro tag names as names for indexes on SQL Server. If the tag name is a reserved word on the server, the wizard alters the tag name by appending the underscore (_) character.

NOTE: SQL Server doesn't support ascending or descending indexes, nor does it permit expressions within server indexes. The Upsizing Wizard removes Visual FoxPro expressions from index expressions as the index is upsized; only field names are sent to the server.

SQL Server Data Types that Force Timestamp Columns

If you choose Add Timestamp Field, by default the Upsizing Wizard adds a new column with the Timestamp data type if the SQL Server table to be created will have any of the following data types:
   binary   varbinary   float
   real     image       text
				

Object Mapping

The following table summarizes how objects are mapped from Visual FoxPro to SQL Server:
   Visual FoxPro objects         SQL Server objects
   --------------------------------------------------------------------
   Database                      Database
   Table                         Table
   Indexes                       Indexes
   Field                         Field
   Default                       Default

   Table validation rule         SQL Server stored procedures,
                                 called from UPDATE and INSERT triggers

   Field validation rule         SQL Server stored procedures,
                                 called from UPDATE and INSERT triggers

   Persistent relationships      Update, Insert, and Delete triggers
   (where used for referential
   integrity constraints)
				

Referential Integrity and Rule Mapping

The following table describes the triggers created by the Upsizing Wizard. Any specific trigger might contain code to emulate some or all of the Visual FoxPro functionalities listed.
   Trigger           Visual FoxPro Functionality Emulated
   -----------------------------------------------------------
   UPDATE            Validation rules (field- and record-level
                     validation) Referential integrity

   INSERT            Validation rules (field- and record-level
                     validation) Referential integrity (child
                     table triggers only)

   DELETE (Parent    Referential integrity
   table only)
				

Properties

Article ID: 130166 - Last Review: February 24, 2014 - Revision: 1.1
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Visual FoxPro 3.0 Standard Edition
Keywords: 
kbnosurvey kbarchive KB130166

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