FIX: Daylight Saving Time Bug in C Run-Time Library

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Article ID: 214661 - View products that this article applies to.
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SYMPTOMS

The C-Run-time Library date/time functions might fail to calculate the correct time during the first week of daylight saving time beginning April 1, 2001. The bug corrects itself after one week, on the following Sunday. This bug is not related to the year 2000 problem.

CAUSE

The bug is caused by a logic error in the C-Run-time library's cvtdate helper function.

STATUS

Microsoft has confirmed that this is a bug in the Microsoft products that are listed at the beginning of this article. This bug was corrected in Visual Studio 6.0 Service Pack 3. For more information about Visual Studio service packs, please see the following articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

194022 INFO: Visual Studio 6.0 Service Packs, What, Where, Why

194295 HOWTO: Tell That Visual Studio 6.0 Service Packs Are Installed

MORE INFORMATION

Steps to Reproduce Behavior

The following sample program reproduces the problem:

// ----------------- start of sample program -------------------------

// Compiler switches needed : none.

#include <time.h>;
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdarg.h>

int main ()
{
    struct tm ltm;
    time_t tstamp = 0;

    ltm.tm_year = 90;	/* First valid year .*/ 
    ltm.tm_mon = 3;		/* April. */ 
    ltm.tm_mday = 1;	/* 1st of the month. */ 
    ltm.tm_hour = 3;	/* At 3:00 am. */ 
    ltm.tm_min = 0;
    ltm.tm_sec = 0;
    ltm.tm_wday =0;
    ltm.tm_yday = 0;

    while (ltm.tm_year <= 2005)
    {
        ltm.tm_isdst = -1;

	// mktime indirectly calls cvtdate which has the logic bug.
	tstamp = mktime(&ltm);

	/* If it's Sunday April 1st, it should also be DST */ 
	if (!ltm.tm_wday && !ltm.tm_isdst)
	{
	    printf("April 01 is the first Sunday in April, %d  \ 
            -it should be DST but tm_isdst says it's \ 
            not!\n", 1900+ltm.tm_year);
	    while (!ltm.tm_isdst)
	    {
		ltm.tm_mday++;
		ltm.tm_isdst=-1;
		tstamp = mktime(&ltm);
	    }
	    printf("\tDST is reported as starting on  \ 
            %d/%d/%d\n", 1+ltm.tm_mon, ltm.tm_mday, \ 
	    1900+ltm.tm_year);
	
            ltm.tm_mday = 1;
	}
	
        ltm.tm_year++;
	
    }

    return 0;
}


// ----------------- end  of sample program ---------------------------
				

REFERENCES

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/visualc/default.aspx

Properties

Article ID: 214661 - Last Review: February 21, 2014 - Revision: 2.4
APPLIES TO
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Keywords: 
kbnosurvey kbarchive kbhotfixserver kbqfe kbbug kbcrt kbfix kbvs600sp3fix KB214661

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