XADM: How to Enable Message Journaling in Exchange Server 5.5

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Article ID: 239427
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IMPORTANT: This article contains information about modifying the registry. Before you modify the registry, make sure to back it up and make sure that you understand how to restore the registry if a problem occurs. For information about how to back up, restore, and edit the registry, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
256986 Description of the Microsoft Windows Registry
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Summary

This article provides detailed instructions on how to implement Message Journaling, a new feature introduced in Microsoft Exchange Server version 5.5 Service Pack 1, on an Exchange Server computer or computers.

More information

To enable Message Journaling throughout an Exchange Server site or organization, each server must be running Microsoft Exchange Server version 5.5 Service Pack 1 or later, and each server must be configured for Message Journaling.

You can configure Message Journaling at the server level, site level, or organization level. If you configure it at the site level, a message that is sent between two sites in the organization is saved twice: once at the sending site and once at the receiving site.

You enable and configure message journaling using Microsoft Windows NT Server registry settings. To enable Message Journaling, you must complete the following steps on each server. Each step is described in detail later in this document.
  1. Specify where messages are saved.
  2. Specify Message Journaling at the server, site, or organization level.
  3. Route all Internet Mail Service messages through the private information store.
  4. Route local messages through the message transfer agent (MTA).
IMPORTANT NOTE: Before you enable Message Journaling on your Exchange Server computer, please click the article numbers below to view the articles in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
198783 XCON: Receipt Behavior with Message Journaling

199325 XCON: MTA Size Restrictions Affect Local Delivery with Message Journaling

Specifying Where Messages Are Saved

Specify where messages are saved by adding a registry key with the Distinguished Name (DN) of a mailbox, public folder, or custom recipient.

To view the Distinguished Name of a recipient:

WARNING: If you use the raw mode of the Exchange Server Administrator program (admin /r) incorrectly, serious problems may occur that may require you to reinstall Microsoft Windows NT Server, Microsoft Exchange Server, or both. Microsoft cannot guarantee that problems that result from using raw mode incorrectly can be solved. Use raw mode at your own risk.

  1. Start the Microsoft Exchange Server Administrator program in raw mode by typing the following at a command prompt:
    c:\exchsrvr\bin\admin /r
  2. In the appropriate Recipients container, select the recipient object.
  3. On the File menu, click Raw Properties.
  4. In the Objects Attributes list, select Obj-Dist-Name. The Distinguished Name of the object is displayed in the Edit Value box.
  5. In the Edit Value box, select the Distinguished Name of the object, copy it, and paste it in a clipboard; you need to use it in the next section.
To specify the recipient:

WARNING: If you use Registry Editor incorrectly, you may cause serious problems that may require you to reinstall your operating system. Microsoft cannot guarantee that you can solve problems that result from using Registry Editor incorrectly. Use Registry Editor at your own risk.

NOTE: Regedit.exe is recommended for editing the registry entries in this article.
  1. Open the following registry key:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \SYSTEM \CurrentControlSet \Services \MSExchangeMTA \Parameters
    NOTE: The above registry key is one path; it has been wrapped for readability.
  2. Add a new string value named Journal Recipient Name.
  3. Set the value of Journal Recipient Name to the Distinguished Name of the mailbox, public folder, or custom recipient using the Distinguished Name from the previous section.

Specifying Message Journaling at the Server, Site, or Organization Level

You can specify that Message Journaling be done at the server level, site level, or organization level. By default, Message Journaling is done at the organization level.
  1. Open the following registry key:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \SYSTEM \CurrentControlSet \Services \MSExchangeMTA \Parameters
    NOTE: The above registry key is one path; it has been wrapped for readability.
  2. Add a new DWORD value named Per-Site Journal Required.
  3. For Message Journaling at the server level, set the value of Per-Site Journal Required to 2. For journaling at the site level, set the value of Per-Site Journal Required to 1.
NOTE: To return to organization level Message Journaling, set the value of Per-Site Journal Required to 0.

Routing Internet Mail Service Messages Through the Private Information Store

NOTE: The following steps are not necessary if you do not have an Internet Mail Service on this server.

To be copied correctly, all Internet Mail Service messages must be routed through the private information store.
  1. Open the following registry key:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \SYSTEM \CurrentControlSet \Services \MSExchangeIMC \Parameters
    NOTE: The above registry key is one path; it has been wrapped for readability.
  2. Add a new DWORD value named RerouteViaStore.
  3. Set the value of RerouteViaStore to 1.

Routing Local Messages Through the MTA

To be copied correctly, local messages must be routed through the MTA instead of being delivered directly by the private information store.
  1. Open the following registry key:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \SYSTEM \CurrentControlSet \Services \MSExchangeIS \ParametersSystem
    NOTE: The above registry key is one path; it has been wrapped for readability.
  2. Add a new DWORD value named No Local Delivery.
  3. Set the value of No Local Delivery to 1.

Security

There are two primary security issues with Message Journaling:
  • Unauthorized disabling of Message Journaling when it needs to be used.
  • Unauthorized use of Message Journaling to intercept messages.
In both cases, you must limit the number of users who can change the registry entries that control Message Journaling. By default, all users with Windows NT Server administrator permissions can change these registry entries.

You must secure the mailbox, public folder, or custom recipient that receives the message copies. Hide this recipient from the directory. If the recipient is a public folder, on the Permissions tab for the public folder, set the Roles for the default user to Contributor, and then click to clear all permissions check boxes except Create items, and click to select the Create Items check box.

Copies of encrypted messages are saved the same way other messages are, but they are not decrypted.

Performance

Message Journaling adds processing overhead to the Exchange Server computer and increases network traffic. Use Windows NT Performance Monitor after you enable Message Journaling to ensure that your system can handle the additional load. You may need to upgrade your hardware or balance system resources.

NOTE: The performance enhancements in the MTA in these service packs help balance the processing overhead of Message Journaling.

The mailbox, public folder, or custom recipient that receives the message copies must always be available, or message journaling fails. Depending on message volume, you may need to set up the mailbox or public folder on a dedicated Exchange Server computer within the site.

Additional Considerations

  • If you need to archive message tracking data with the message copies, on the General property page of the MTA Site Configuration object, select Enable Message Tracking. Then copy the daily log files from the Exchsrvr\Tracking.log directory to your archive location.
  • Do not disable per-domain bilateral information if you are using Message Journaling. Per-domain bilateral information is disabled when the following registry key is set to 1:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \SYSTEM \CurrentControlSet \Services \MSExchangeMTA \Parameters \Do not generate Bilateral Info
    NOTE: The above registry key is one path; it has been wrapped for readability.

    For additional information on per-domain bilateral information, please click the article number below to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
    157358 XCON: Per-Domain-Bilateral-Info and Third Party Systems
  • Message Journaling can only capture messages that pass through the Exchange Server MTA. If a user connects to an external mail server using a client that submits e-mail through SMTP (POP3 and IMAP4 clients) without passing through Exchange Server, the messages are not captured. Likewise, messages sent using other mail systems that do not pass through an Exchange Server computer, such as Microsoft Mail for PC Networks, cannot be captured, even if the other mail system has a connector to an Exchange Server computer.

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Article ID: 239427 - Last Review: June 19, 2014 - Revision: 5.0
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