XCON: Windows 2000 and Exchange 2000 SMTP Use TCP DNS Queries

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Article ID: 263237 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q263237
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SUMMARY

Most programs use User Datagram Protocol (UDP) queries to resolve host names. Only when the contents of the query are larger than the maximum packet size does the program need to use Transmission Control Protocol (TCP).

The Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) service is unique, because the SMTP service uses TCP queries by default.

MORE INFORMATION

If the Domain Name System (DNS) server does not support TCP queries, the query attempt is reset. Lookup for mail delivery does not work and the following event is logged:
Event ID 4000
Source: SMTPSVC
Type: Warning
Description: Message delivery to the remote domain "your_domain.com" failed. An internal DNS error caused a failure to find the remote server. 0000: c00402e7
Request for Comments (RFC) 883 and the later RFCs prescribe that DNS servers be able to accept both TCP virtual circuits and UDP.

A Network Monitor trace may show a TCP connection attempt to the destination Internet Protocol (IP) of the DNS server on port 53. If the connection is reset, the DNS server may not support TCP queries and you may need to use a different DNS server.

To test whether TCP queries work, perform the following steps on the SMTP server:
  1. From a command prompt, type nslookup, and then press ENTER. You should see the following output:
       Default Server:  dns.nwtraders.com
       Address:  10.2.124.134
    					
  2. To command Nslookup to use TCP queries, at the command prompt, type set vc, and then press ENTER.
  3. To command Nslookup to do MX record queries, at the command prompt, type set q=mx, and then press ENTER.
  4. Type a domain name (such as microsoft.com), and then press ENTER. You should see output that is similar to the following text:
       microsoft.com   MX preference = 10, mail exchanger = mail1.microsoft.com
       microsoft.com   MX preference = 10, mail exchanger = mail2.microsoft.com
       microsoft.com   MX preference = 10, mail exchanger = mail3.microsoft.com
       microsoft.com   MX preference = 10, mail exchanger = mail4.microsoft.com
       microsoft.com   MX preference = 10, mail exchanger = mail5.microsoft.com
    
       mail1.microsoft.com     internet address = 131.107.3.125
       mail2.microsoft.com     internet address = 131.107.3.124
       mail3.microsoft.com     internet address = 131.107.3.123
       mail4.microsoft.com     internet address = 131.107.3.122
       mail5.microsoft.com     internet address = 131.107.3.121
    					
  5. To repeat the query for additional DNS servers, type server followed by a space and the DNS server's IP address, and then press ENTER. For example, type:
    server 10.2.124.133
    Next, repeat step 4; Repeat this for all DNS servers that are listed in the properties of the network interface to make sure they accept TCP queries.
Note: Some earlier, non-Microsoft DNS servers may refuse TCP queries. Also, a firewall, proxy, or an ISA server may be blocking TCP port 53.

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Article ID: 263237 - Last Review: February 27, 2007 - Revision: 3.6
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Exchange 2000 Server Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Standard Edition
Keywords: 
kbdns kbinfo KB263237

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