How To Preventing an MDI Child Window from Changing Size

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Article ID: 71669 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q71669
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SUMMARY

In an application using the Windows Multiple Document Interface (MDI), MDI child windows are always created with a maximize button, a minimize button, and a thick "sizing" border. Currently, it is not possible to modify this default behavior.

However, it is possible to prevent an MDI child from being maximized, minimized, or sized. This can be done by performing two steps:

  1. Disable the Maximize, Minimize, and Size options on the child window's system menu.
  2. Trap the appropriate WM_SYSCOMMAND messages in the MDI child window's window procedure.
This article contains a sample MDI child window procedure that illustrates this technique.

MORE INFORMATION

The following sample MDI child window procedure can be used to implement an MDI child that can not be maximized, minimized or sized:
   LONG FAR PASCAL SampleMDIChildWndProc(hWnd, msg, wParam, lParam)

   HWND    hWnd;
   WORD    msg;
   WORD    wParam;
   LONG    lParam;

   // This sample MDI child window procedure can be used to prevent the
   // MDI child from being maximized, minimized, or sized.
   // 
   // Note that the child will still have a maximize button, a minimize
   // button, and a thick "sizing" border. Currently, there is no way to
   // prevent Windows from creating MDI children with these default
   // styles.
   // 
   // We can, however, disable the maximizing, minimizing, and sizing
   // functionality by:
   // 
   // 1. Disabling system menu options
   // 2. Trapping WM_SYSCOMMAND messages

   {

    HMENU    hSystemMenu;    // the MDI child's system menu

    switch (msg)
        {
    case WM_INITMENU:
        // Disable and gray the Maximize, Minimize, and Size items
        // on the MDI child's system menu
        hSystemMenu = GetSystemMenu(hWnd, FALSE);
        EnableMenuItem(hSystemMenu, SC_MAXIMIZE, MF_GRAYED |
             MF_BYCOMMAND);
        EnableMenuItem(hSystemMenu, SC_MINIMIZE, MF_GRAYED |
             MF_BYCOMMAND);
        EnableMenuItem(hSystemMenu, SC_SIZE, MF_GRAYED |
             MF_BYCOMMAND);
        break;

    case WM_SYSCOMMAND:
        // "Eat" these system commands to disable maximizing,
        // minimizing, and sizing functionality.
        // Note that wParam must be combined with 0xFFF0, using
        // the C bitwise AND (&) operator, when processing
        // the WM_SYSCOMMAND message.
        switch (wParam & 0xFFF0)
            {
        case SC_MAXIMIZE:
        case SC_MINIMIZE:
        case SC_SIZE:
             return 1L;

        default:
             break;
            }
        break;

    default:
        break;
        }

    return DefMDIChildProc(hWnd, msg, wParam, lParam);

}
				

Properties

Article ID: 71669 - Last Review: February 11, 2005 - Revision: 1.2
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Windows Software Development Kit 3.1
Keywords: 
kb16bitonly kbhowto kbmdi kbwndw KB71669
Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.

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