Excel functions (alphabetical)

Click a letter to go to functions that start with it. Or press Ctrl+F to find a function by typing the first few letters or a descriptive word. To get detailed information about a function, click its name in the first column.

Note: Version markers indicate the version of Excel a function was introduced. These functions aren't available in earlier versions.

Important: The calculated results of formulas and some Excel worksheet functions may differ slightly between a Windows PC using x86 or x86-64 architecture and a Windows RT PC using ARM architecture. Learn more about the differences.

Function name

Type and description

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the absolute value of a number

Financial:    Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest

Financial:    Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arccosine of a number

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arccotangent of a number

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number

Math and trigonometry:    Returns an aggregate in a list or database

Lookup and reference:    Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet

Financial:    Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient

Financial:    Returns the depreciation for each accounting period

Logical:    Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE

Math and trigonometry:    Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number

Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of areas in a reference

Text:    Returns an array of text values from any specified range

Text:    Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arcsine of a number

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arctangent of a number

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number

Statistical:    Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean

Statistical:    Returns the average of its arguments

Statistical:    Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

Statistical:    Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria

Statistical:    Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria.

Text:    Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format

Math and trigonometry:    Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base)

Engineering:    Returns the modified Bessel function In(x)

Engineering:    Returns the Bessel function Jn(x)

Engineering:    Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x)

Engineering:    Returns the Bessel function Yn(x)

Compatibility:    Returns the beta cumulative distribution function

Statistical:    Returns the beta cumulative distribution function

Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution

Engineering:    Converts a binary number to decimal

Engineering:    Converts a binary number to hexadecimal

Engineering:    Converts a binary number to octal

Compatibility:    Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability

Statistical:    Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability

Statistical:    Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution

Statistical:    Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value

Engineering:    Returns a 'Bitwise And' of two numbers

Engineering:    Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits

Engineering:    Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers

Engineering:    Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits

Engineering:    Returns a bitwise 'Exclusive Or' of two numbers

Logical:    Applies a LAMBDA to each column and returns an array of the results

Logical:    Applies a LAMBDA to each row and returns an array of the results

Add-in and Automation:    Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource

Compatibility:    Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.

Information:    Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell

This function is not available in Excel for the web.

Text:    Returns the character specified by the code number

Compatibility:    Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

Compatibility:    Returns the test for independence

Statistical:    Returns the cumulative beta probability density function

Statistical:    Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

Statistical:    Returns the cumulative beta probability density function

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

Statistical:    Returns the test for independence

Lookup and reference:    Chooses a value from a list of values

Lookup and reference:    Returns the specified columns from an array

Lookup and reference:    Returns the specified rows from an array

Text:    Removes all nonprintable characters from text

Text:    Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string

Lookup and reference:    Returns the column number of a reference

Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of columns in a reference

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the number of combinations with repetitions for a given number of items

Engineering:    Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number

Text:    Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, but it doesn't provide the delimiter or IgnoreEmpty arguments.

Text:    Joins several text items into one text item

Compatibility:    Returns the confidence interval for a population mean

Statistical:    Returns the confidence interval for a population mean

Statistical:    Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student's t distribution

Engineering:    Converts a number from one measurement system to another

Statistical:    Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the cosine of a number

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the cotangent of an angle

Statistical:    Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments

Statistical:    Counts how many values are in the list of arguments

Statistical:    Counts the number of blank cells within a range

Statistical:    Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria

Statistical:    Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria

Financial:    Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date

Financial:    Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date

Financial:    Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date

Financial:    Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date

Financial:    Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date

Financial:    Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date

Compatibility:    Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations

Statistical:    Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations

Statistical:    Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets

Compatibility:    Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the cosecant of an angle

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle

Cube:    Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization's performance.

Cube:    Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube.

Cube:    Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member.

Cube:    Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students.

Cube:    Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel.

Cube:    Returns the number of items in a set.

Cube:    Returns an aggregated value from a cube.

Financial:    Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods

Financial:    Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods

Date and time:    Returns the serial number of a particular date

Date and time:    Calculates the number of days, months, or years between two dates. This function is useful in formulas where you need to calculate an age.

Date and time:    Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number

Database:    Returns the average of selected database entries

Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a day of the month

Date and time:    Returns the number of days between two dates

Date and time:    Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year

Financial:    Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method

Text:    Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters

Database:    Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database

Database:    Counts nonblank cells in a database

Financial:    Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify

Engineering:    Converts a decimal number to binary

Engineering:    Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal

Engineering:    Converts a decimal number to octal

Math and trigonometry:    Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number

Math and trigonometry:    Converts radians to degrees

Engineering:    Tests whether two values are equal

Statistical:    Returns the sum of squares of deviations

Database:    Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria

Financial:    Returns the discount rate for a security

Database:    Returns the maximum value from selected database entries

Database:    Returns the minimum value from selected database entries

Text:    Converts a number to text, using the \$ (dollar) currency format

Financial:    Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number

Financial:    Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction

Database:    Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database

Lookup and reference:    Excludes a specified number of rows or columns from the start or end of an array

Database:    Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries

Database:    Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries

Database:    Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria

Financial:    Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments

Database:    Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries

Database:    Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries

Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date

Financial:    Returns the effective annual interest rate

Web:    Returns a URL-encoded string

This function is not available in Excel for the web.

Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months

Engineering:    Returns the error function

Engineering:    Returns the error function

Engineering:    Returns the complementary error function

Engineering:    Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity

Information:    Returns a number corresponding to an error type

Add-in and Automation:    Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation).

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer

Text:    Checks to see if two text values are identical

Math and trigonometry:    Returns e raised to the power of a given number

Lookup and reference:    Expands or pads an array to specified row and column dimensions

Statistical:    Returns the exponential distribution

Compatibility:    Returns the exponential distribution

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the factorial of a number

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the double factorial of a number

Logical:    Returns the logical value FALSE

Statistical:    Returns the F probability distribution

Compatibility:    Returns the F probability distribution

Statistical:    Returns the F probability distribution

Lookup and reference:    Filters a range of data based on criteria you define

Web:    Returns specific data from the XML content by using the specified XPath

This function is not available in Excel for the web.

Text:    Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive)

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

Statistical:    Returns the Fisher transformation

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation

Text:    Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals

Compatibility:    Rounds a number down, toward zero

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.

Statistical:    Returns a value along a linear trend

This function has been replaced with FORECAST.LINEAR as part of the new Forecasting functions, but it's still available for compatibility with earlier versions.

Statistical:    Returns a future value based on existing (historical) values by using the AAA version of the Exponential Smoothing (ETS) algorithm

Statistical:    Returns a confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date

Statistical:    Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for the specified time series

Statistical:    Returns a statistical value as a result of time series forecasting

Statistical:    Returns a future value based on existing values

Lookup and reference:    Returns the formula at the given reference as text

Statistical:    Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array

Statistical:    Returns the result of an F-test

Compatibility:    Returns the result of an F-test

Financial:    Returns the future value of an investment

Financial:    Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates

Statistical:    Returns the Gamma function value

Statistical:    Returns the gamma distribution

Compatibility:    Returns the gamma distribution

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution

Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution

Statistical:    Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)

Statistical:    Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)

Statistical:    Returns 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the greatest common divisor

Statistical:    Returns the geometric mean

Engineering:    Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value

Lookup and reference:    Returns data stored in a PivotTable report

Statistical:    Returns values along an exponential trend

Statistical:    Returns the harmonic mean

Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to binary

Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal

Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to octal

Lookup and reference:    Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell

Date and time:    Converts a serial number to an hour

Lookup and reference:    Appends arrays horizontally and in sequence to return a larger array

Lookup and reference:    Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet

Statistical:    Returns the hypergeometric distribution

Compatibility:    Returns the hypergeometric distribution

Logical:    Specifies a logical test to perform

Logical:    Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula

Logical:    Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression

Logical:    Checks whether one or more conditions are met and returns a value that corresponds to the first TRUE condition.

Engineering:    Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number

Lookup and reference: Returns an image from a given source

Engineering:    Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number

Engineering:    Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians

Engineering:    Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number

Engineering:    Returns the cosine of a complex number

Engineering:    Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number

Engineering:    Returns the cotangent of a complex number

Engineering:    Returns the cosecant of a complex number

Engineering:    Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number

Engineering:    Returns the quotient of two complex numbers

Engineering:    Returns the exponential of a complex number

Engineering:    Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number

Engineering:    Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number

Engineering:    Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number

Engineering:    Returns a complex number raised to an integer power

Engineering:    Returns the product of complex numbers

Engineering:    Returns the real coefficient of a complex number

Engineering:    Returns the secant of a complex number

Engineering:    Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number

Engineering:    Returns the sine of a complex number

Engineering:    Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number

Engineering:    Returns the square root of a complex number

Engineering:    Returns the difference between two complex numbers

Engineering:    Returns the sum of complex numbers

Engineering:    Returns the tangent of a complex number

Lookup and reference:    Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array

Lookup and reference:    Returns a reference indicated by a text value

Information:    Returns information about the current operating environment

This function is not available in Excel for the web.

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down to the nearest integer

Statistical:    Returns the intercept of the linear regression line

Financial:    Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security

Financial:    Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period

Financial:    Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is blank

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is any error value

Information:    Returns TRUE if the number is even

Information:    Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is not text

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is a number

Information:    Returns TRUE if the number is odd

Information:    Checks whether the value in a LAMBDA is missing and returns TRUE or FALSE

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is a reference

Information:    Returns TRUE if the value is text

Math and trigonometry:    Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

Date and time:    Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date

Financial:    Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment

Text:    Changes half-width (single-byte) characters within a string to full-width (double-byte) characters

Statistical:    Returns the kurtosis of a data set

Logical:    Create custom, reusable functions and call them by a friendly name

Statistical:    Returns the k-th largest value in a data set

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the least common multiple

Text:    Returns the leftmost characters from a text value

Text:    Returns the number of characters in a text string

Logical:    Assigns names to calculation results

Statistical:    Returns the parameters of a linear trend

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the natural logarithm of a number

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number

Statistical:    Returns the parameters of an exponential trend

Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution

Statistical:    Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution

Compatibility:    Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution

Lookup and reference:    Looks up values in a vector or array

Text:    Converts text to lowercase

Logical:    Returns a calculated array of a specified row and column size, by applying a LAMBDA

Logical:    Returns an array formed by mapping each value in the array(s) to a new value by applying a LAMBDA to create a new value

Lookup and reference:    Looks up values in a reference or array

Statistical:    Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments

Statistical:    Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

Statistical:    Returns the maximum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the matrix determinant of an array

Financial:    Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of \$100

Statistical:    Returns the median of the given numbers

Text:    Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify

Statistical:    Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments

Statistical:    Returns the minimum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria.

Statistical:    Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a minute

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the matrix inverse of an array

Financial:    Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the matrix product of two arrays

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the remainder from division

Compatibility:    Returns the most common value in a data set

Statistical:    Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data

Statistical:    Returns the most common value in a data set

Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a month

Math and trigonometry:    Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the unit matrix or the specified dimension

Information:    Returns a value converted to a number

Information:    Returns the error value #N/A

Statistical:    Returns the negative binomial distribution

Compatibility:    Returns the negative binomial distribution

Date and time:    Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates

Date and time:    Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days

Financial:    Returns the annual nominal interest rate

Statistical:    Returns the normal cumulative distribution

Compatibility:    Returns the normal cumulative distribution

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution

Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution

Statistical:    Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution

Compatibility:    Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution

Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution

Logical:    Reverses the logic of its argument

Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the current date and time

Financial:    Returns the number of periods for an investment

Financial:    Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate

Text:    Converts text to number in a locale-independent manner

Engineering:    Converts an octal number to binary

Engineering:    Converts an octal number to decimal

Engineering:    Converts an octal number to hexadecimal

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer

Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd first period

Financial:    Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period

Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd last period

Financial:    Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period

Lookup and reference:    Returns a reference offset from a given reference

Logical:    Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE

Financial:    Returns the number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value

Statistical:    Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient

Statistical:    Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive

Statistical:    Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range

Compatibility:    Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range

Statistical:    Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set

Statistical:    Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set

Compatibility:    Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set

Statistical:    Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects

Statistical:    Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects

Statistical:    Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution

Text:    Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the value of pi

Financial:    Returns the periodic payment for an annuity

Statistical:    Returns the Poisson distribution

Compatibility:    Returns the Poisson distribution

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the result of a number raised to a power

Financial:    Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period

Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest

Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value of a discounted security

Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity

Statistical:    Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits

Math and trigonometry:    Multiplies its arguments

Text:    Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value

Financial:    Returns the present value of an investment

Compatibility:    Returns the quartile of a data set

Statistical:    Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive

Statistical:    Returns the quartile of a data set

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the integer portion of a division

Math and trigonometry:    Converts degrees to radians

Math and trigonometry:    Returns a random number between 0 and 1

Math and trigonometry:    Returns an array of random numbers between 0 and 1. However, you can specify the number of rows and columns to fill, minimum and maximum values, and whether to return whole numbers or decimal values.

Math and trigonometry:    Returns a random number between the numbers you specify

Statistical:    Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

Statistical:    Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

Compatibility:    Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

Financial:    Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity

Financial:    Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security

Logical:    Reduces an array to an accumulated value by applying a LAMBDA to each value and returning the total value in the accumulator

Add-in and Automation:    Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered

Text:    Replaces characters within text

Text:    Repeats text a given number of times

Text:    Returns the rightmost characters from a text value

Math and trigonometry:    Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number to a specified number of digits

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down, toward zero

Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up, away from zero

Lookup and reference:    Returns the row number of a reference

Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of rows in a reference

Financial:    Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment

Statistical:    Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient

Lookup and reference:    Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation

Logical:    Scans an array by applying a LAMBDA to each value and returns an array that has each intermediate value

Text:    Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive)

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the secant of an angle

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle

Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a second

Math and trigonometry:    Generates a list of sequential numbers in an array, such as 1, 2, 3, 4

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula

Information:    Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet

Information:    Returns the number of sheets in a reference

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sign of a number

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sine of the given angle

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number

Statistical:    Returns the skewness of a distribution

Statistical:    Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population: a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean

Financial:    Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period

Statistical:    Returns the slope of the linear regression line

Statistical:    Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set

Lookup and reference:    Sorts the contents of a range or array

Lookup and reference:    Sorts the contents of a range or array based on the values in a corresponding range or array

Math and trigonometry:    Returns a positive square root

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the square root of (number * pi)

Statistical:    Returns a normalized value

Financial:    Retrieves historical data about a financial instrument

Compatibility:    Estimates standard deviation based on a sample

Statistical:    Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population

Statistical:    Estimates standard deviation based on a sample

Statistical:    Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values

Compatibility:    Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population

Statistical:    Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values

Statistical:    Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression

Text:    Substitutes new text for old text in a text string

Math and trigonometry:    Returns a subtotal in a list or database

Math and trigonometry:    Adds its arguments

Math and trigonometry:    Adds the cells specified by a given criteria

Math and trigonometry:    Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays

Logical:    Evaluates an expression against a list of values and returns the result corresponding to the first matching value. If there is no match, an optional default value may be returned.

Financial:    Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period

Text:    Converts its arguments to text

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the tangent of a number

Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number

Lookup and reference:    Returns a specified number of contiguous rows or columns from the start or end of an array

Financial:    Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill

Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value for a Treasury bill

Financial:    Returns the yield for a Treasury bill

Statistical:    Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution

Statistical:    Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution

Statistical:    Returns the Student's t-distribution

Compatibility:    Returns the Student's t-distribution

Text:    Formats a number and converts it to text

Text:    Returns text that occurs after given character or string

Text:    Returns text that occurs before a given character or string

Text:    Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings

Text:    Splits text strings by using column and row delimiters

Date and time:    Returns the serial number of a particular time

Date and time:    Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number

Statistical:    Returns the t-value of the Student's t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom

Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution

Compatibility:    Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution

Lookup and reference:    Returns the array in a single column

Lookup and reference:    Returns the array in a single row

Date and time:    Returns the serial number of today's date

Lookup and reference:    Returns the transpose of an array

Statistical:    Returns values along a linear trend

Text:    Removes spaces from text

Statistical:    Returns the mean of the interior of a data set

Logical:    Returns the logical value TRUE

Math and trigonometry:    Truncates a number to an integer

Statistical:    Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test

Compatibility:    Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test

Information:    Returns a number indicating the data type of a value

Text:    Returns the Unicode character that is references by the given numeric value

Text:    Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text

Lookup and reference:    Returns a list of unique values in a list or range

Text:    Converts text to uppercase

Text:    Converts a text argument to a number

Text:    Returns text from any specified value

Compatibility:    Estimates variance based on a sample

Statistical:    Calculates variance based on the entire population

Statistical:    Estimates variance based on a sample

Statistical:    Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values

Compatibility:    Calculates variance based on the entire population

Statistical:    Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values

Financial:    Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method

Lookup and reference:    Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell

Look and reference:    Appends arrays vertically and in sequence to return a larger array

Web:    Returns data from a web service.

This function is not available in Excel for the web.

Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a day of the week

Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year

Compatibility:    Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values

Statistical:    Returns the Weibull distribution

Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays

Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days

Look and reference:    Wraps the provided row or column of values by columns after a specified number of elements

Look and reference:    Wraps the provided row or column of values by rows after a specified number of elements

Financial:    Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic

Lookup and reference:    Searches a range or an array, and returns an item corresponding to the first match it finds. If a match doesn't exist, then XLOOKUP can return the closest (approximate) match.

Lookup and reference:    Returns the relative position of an item in an array or range of cells.

Financial:    Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic

Logical:    Returns a logical exclusive OR of all arguments

Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a year

Date and time:    Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date

Financial:    Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest

Financial:    Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill

Financial:    Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity

Statistical:    Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

Compatibility:    Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

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