If you have not been offered this security update, you may be running incompatible antivirus software, and you should contact the software vendor. We are working closely with antivirus software partners to make sure that all customers receive the January Windows security updates as soon as possible. For more information, go to https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/4072699/january-3-2018-windows-security-updates-and-antivirus-software, and see the "Additional information about this security update" section of this article.
This security update resolves a security feature bypass vulnerability that exists when Microsoft .NET Framework and .NET Core components do not completely validate certificates. This security update addresses the vulnerability by helping to make sure that .NET Framework and .NET Core components completely validate certificates. To learn more about this vulnerability, see Microsoft Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures CVE-2018-0786.
Additionally, this security update resolves a Denial of Service vulnerability that exists when .NET Framework and .NET core components improperly process XML documents. This update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how .NET Framework and .NET Core component applications handle XML document processing. To learn more about this vulnerability, see Microsoft Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures CVE-2018-0764.
- All updates for Windows RT 8.1, Windows 8.1, and Windows Server 2012 R2 require that update KB 2919355 is installed. We recommend that you install update KB 2919355 on your Windows RT 8.1-based, Windows 8.1-based, or Windows Server 2012 R2-based computer so that you receive updates in the future.
- If you install a language pack after you install this update, you must reinstall this update. Therefore, we recommend that you install any language packs that you need before you install this update. For more information, see Add language packs to Windows.
Additional information about this security update
- Enhanced Key Usage (EKU) is described in RFC 5280 in section 22.214.171.124. This extension indicates one or more purposes for which the certified public key may be used, in addition to or instead of the basic purposes that are indicated in the key usage extension. For example, a certificate that is used for the authentication of a client to a server must be configured for Client Authentication. Similarly, a certificate that is used for the authentication of a server must be configured for Server Authentication. With this change, besides requiring the appropriate client/server EKU on certificates, if the root certificate is disabled, the certificate chain validation will fail.
When certificates are used for authentication, the authenticator examines the certificate that is provided by the remote endpoint and seeks the correct purpose object identifier in Application Policies extensions. When a certificate is used for client authentication, the object identifier for Client Authentication must be present in the EKU extensions of the certificate, or authentication fails. The object identifier for Client Authentication is 126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.2. Likewise, when a certificate is used for server authentication, the object identifier for Server Authentication must be present in the EKU extensions of the certificate, or authentication fails. The object identifier for Server Authentication is 184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.1. Certificates that have no EKU extension continue to authenticate correctly.
First, consider making changes to your component’s certificates to make sure that they are using the correct EKU OID attributes and are secured correctly. If you temporarily cannot access correctly reissued certificates, you can choose to opt in or out of the security change to avoid any connectivity effects. To do this, specify the following appsetting in the configuration file:
<appSettings> <add key="wcf:useLegacyCertificateApplicationPolicy" value="true" /></appSettings>Note Setting the value to “true” will opt out of the security changes.
- The following articles contain additional information about this security update as it relates to individual product versions. The articles may contain known issue information.
- 4055001 Description of the Security and Quality Rollup for the .NET Framework 4.6, 4.6.1, 4.6.2, 4.7, and 4.7.1 for Windows 8.1, Windows RT 8.1, and Windows Server 2012 R2 (KB 4055001)
- 4054993 Description of the Security and Quality Rollup for the .NET Framework 4.5.2 for Windows 8.1, Windows RT 8.1, and Windows Server 2012 R2 (KB 4054993)
- 4054999 Description of the Security and Quality Rollup for the .NET Framework 3.5 SP1 for Windows 8.1, Windows RT 8.1, and Windows Server 2012 R2 (KB 4054999)
Windows 10, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, and Windows Server 2016 customers
We recommend that all customers protect their devices by running compatible and supported antivirus software. Customers can take advantage of built-in antivirus protection, Windows Defender Antivirus, for Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 devices or a compatible third-party antivirus application. The antivirus software must set a registry key as described in the "Setting the Registry Key," below, for you to receive the January 2018 security updates.
Windows 7 SP1 and Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 customers
A default installation of Windows 7 SP1 or Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 will not have an antivirus application installed. In these situations, we recommend installing a compatible and supported antivirus application such as Microsoft Security Essentials or a third-party antivirus application. The antivirus software must set a registry key as described in the "Setting the Registry Key," below, for you to receive the January 2018 security updates.
Customers without antivirus
If you cannot install or run antivirus software, we recommend manually setting the registry key as described in "Setting the Registry Key," below, to receive the January 2018 security updates.
Setting the Registry Key
Caution Using Registry Editor incorrectly can cause serious problems that may require you to reinstall your operating system. Microsoft cannot guarantee that problems resulting from the incorrect use of Registry Editor can be solved. Use Registry Editor at your own risk. For information about how to edit the registry, view the "Changing keys and values" help topic in Registry Editor or view the "Add and delete information in the registry" and "Edit registry data" help topics in Regedt32.exe.
Note You will not receive the January 2018 security updates (or any successive security updates) and will not be protected from security vulnerabilities unless your antivirus software sets the following registry key:
Key="HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE" Subkey="SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\QualityCompat" Value="cadca5fe-87d3-4b96-b7fb-a231484277cc" Type="REG_DWORD”
How to obtain help and support for this security update
- Help for installing updates: Windows Update FAQ
- Security solutions for IT professionals: TechNet Security Support and Troubleshooting
- Help for protecting your Windows-based products and services from viruses and malware: Microsoft Secure
- Local support according to your country: International Support