This issue occurs in a Windows 7 or Windows 8 environment when a Microsoft Publisher file contains corrupted OLE objects. To work around this issue, open the file in another version of Windows, and then do one of the following:
Delete the OLE objects, and then save the file as a Publisher file.
Save the file as a non-Publisher file. For example, save it as a .pdf file.
Windows 7 and Windows 8 use a new validation process for OLE objects. This process triggers the “Publisher cannot open the file” error message when you try to open a file that contains corrupted OLE objects.
What is OLE?
OLE is a program-integration technology that you can use to share information between programs. OLE objects in Publisher can range from an Excel spreadsheet to a PowerPoint presentation to a bitmap image.