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File preview allows you to view attachments in Outlook without opening the attachments in a separate application. You simply click the attachment icon in the Reading Pane to preview the file.

What files can I preview?

By default, you can preview files from most Microsoft Office/Microsoft 365 programs including Word, PowerPoint, Excel, and Visio. You can also preview attached Outlook email items, images, and text files.  

Preview an attachment

File attachments can be viewed in the Reading Pane or in the body of an email message without opening another program:

  1. Right-click the attachment and select Preview.

  2. Select Back to message (or Show Message) to switch between the preview and the message text.


  • The attachment previewer feature in Outlook only works if you have the same version of Word, Excel, or PowerPoint installed as the version of Outlook being used to preview the attachment.

  • The attachment previewer also requires that the User Interface options in Word, Excel, PowerPoint and Outlook are configured with the same setting. The options for this setting are Optimize for best appearance and Optimize for compatibility

  • An attachment can appear in the Reading Pane or in the message body. In the Reading Pane, click the attachment below the Subject line to preview the file or item. Attachments within the message body can’t be previewed. To view these, open the attachment.

Outlook doesn't include a built-in PDF previewer. In order to preview PDF files, use the following steps.

  1. Close Outlook.

  2. Download and install Adobe Acrobat Reader.

  3. Make Adobe Acrobat Reader the default program used to open PDF files. See Windows 10 and 11 for detailed instructions.

  4. Restart Outlook. You should now be able to preview PDF files in Outlook.

Yes, in the Trust Center, you can turn off or turn on the ability to preview files. 

  1. In Outlook, select File > Options Trust Center > Trust Center Settings

  2. On the left, select Attachment Handling.

  3. To turn off all attachment previewers, click Turn off Attachment Preview.

  4. To turn off a specific attachment previewer, click Attachment and Document Previewers, clear the check box for a previewer you want to turn off, and then click OK.

Third-party software vendors may provide their own previewers that support additional attachment file types; you can use your Web browser to search the Web to find additional information. When available, you can download and install previewers to preview additional file types in Outlook.

To help protect you from malicious code, active content embedded in attachments (including scripts, macros, and ActiveX controls) is disabled during a preview. You should preview or open attachments from trustworthy sources only.

File preview in Outlook for Mac requires Mac OS X v10.6 (Snow Leopard) or later.

  1. Open the message or view it in the reading pane.

  2. Next to the attachment, click v > Preview.

    Message in reading pane with attachment preview highlighted

    The attachment is displayed in the preview window.

No, but you can turn off the reading pane by selecting View > Reading Pane > Hidden

See Also

Attach files or insert pictures in Outlook for PC

Attach a file or a folder to a message in Outlook for Mac

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